Saint Agatha, virgin and martyr in the Roman Catholic
Adelheid of Vilich, abbess of Saint Maria in Cologne,
died (b. ca. 970).
1555 The fifth
1597 Twenty-six Japanese Christians were
martyred in Japan by being crucified for their faith. By
1640 thousands of Japanese Christians had been martyred.
1622 Martin Behm, renowned preacher and
hymnist, died in Breslau (b. 16 September 1557, Lauban,
1631 Roger Williams (1603–1684),
colonial American clergyman, arrived in New England, landing
1677 Wilhelm E. Arends, hymnist, was
born near Halberstadt (d. 16 May 1721, Halberstadt). He was
the son of a pastor at Langestein, near Halberstadt. In 1707
he became pastor at Crottorf, near Halberstadt, and in 1718
pastor of the Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in
Halberstadt. [The Handbook to the
Lutheran Hymnal, comp. W. G. Polack (Saint Louis: CPH,
1705 Philipp Jakob Spener, the father of
Pietism, died at Berlin (b. 13 January 1635, Rappoltsweiler,
1723 Johann D. Herrnschmidt, hymnist, died at
Halle (b. 11 April 1675, Bopfingen, Swabia).
1736 John and Charles Wesley, the two English
brothers who helped pioneer the Methodist movement, arrived
in America at Savannah, Georgia.
Joseph Gallup Cochran, missionary to Persia, was born in
New York state (d. 2 November 1871, Persia).
1825 Justus H. C. Helmuth, colonial Lutheran
pastor, died (b. 16 May 1745, Helmstedt, Germany).
1837 Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist, was
born at Northfield, Massachusetts (d. 22 December 1899).
Henry G. Appenzeller, Methodist Episcopal missionary to
Korea and a theology professor there, was born in Souderton,
Pennsylvania (d. 11 June 1902).
1864 Having already established herself
as a poet, 44-year-old Fanny Crosby (1820–1915)
wrote her first hymn.
1887 The Chicago Evangelization Society
was founded by evangelist Dwight L. Moody and English-born
educator Emma Dryer. This educational organization
eventually grew to become the Moody Bible
George Bowen, Bombay missionary, died (b. 30 April 1816,
William F. Moulton (b. 14 March 1835), English Bible
Eugen Adolf Notz, Hebrew professor in the Wisconsin
Synod, died (b. 7 October 1847, Haberschlacht, Württemberg).
Justus Heinrich Naumann, president of the Minnesota
Synod, died (b. 14 March 1865, Dresden).
1918 Following the Bolshevik Revolution,
Russian Orthodox Church was formally separated from the
state in Russia.
Johan Arndt Bergh, United Norwegian Lutheran church
leader, died (b. 12 January 1847, Odemark, Norway).