Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal who was
present at the
diet of Worms, where he headed the opposition to Martin
Luther, advocating the most extreme measures to repress the
doctrines of the reformer, was born (d. 1 February 1542).
1527 Elector John of Saxony (1468–1532)
ordered a visitation of the churches and priests (pastors)
in his principality on this date. The purpose of the
visitation was to see if errors were being taught or
tolerated and to set up proceedings to correct anything that
Alexander Nowell, English
Puritan theologian and clergyman who served as
dean of St Paul’s during much of
Elizabeth I’s reign, died (b. ca. 1507).
1633 Hailed by the Inquisition for
trial, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei (1564–1642)
arrived in Rome ready to explain his belief that the earth
revolves around the sun. He was compelled to recant the view
and was placed under house arrest until his death.
1728 Cotton Mather (b. 12 February 1663),
colonial American Puritan theologian, died.
1798 Christian Friedrich Schwartz, Lutheran
Danish-Halle missionary to India, died in Tanjore, India (b.
American Temperance Society
(later renamed the American Temperance Union) was founded in
Boston to promote total (but voluntary) abstinence from
1827 Susan McGroarty, Roman Catholic religious
educator, was born in County Denegal, Ireland (d. 12
1827 Henry William Behrens was born in
Hermannsburg, Germany (d. 22 April 1900).
1843 Philip Andreas von Rohr, president of the
Wisconsin Synod, was born in Buffalo, New York (d. 22
1849 Otterbein University was chartered in
Westerville, Ohio, under the United Brethren Church.
1863 Albert Knapp (1798-1864), hymnist and
translator, preached his last sermon at Saint Leonhard's
Karl Gustav Theodor Nšther,
pioneer LCMS missionary to India (1894), died of bubonic
plague in Krishnagiri, India (b. 14 September 1866).
1925 Ole Gulbrand Belsheim died in Mandan,
North Dakota (b. 26 August 1861).
1936 The Armed Forces Commission of the
Missouri Synod was organized. The commission was called into
being by the Missouri Synod convention in Cleveland, Ohio,
in June 1935. The chief duties of the commission were to
give ecclesiastical endorsement to qualified pastors for
commissions as chaplains in military service, to counsel
chaplains and to minister to the spiritual welfare of the
synod's members in the armed forces and patients in Veterans
Administration (VA) hospitals. The scope of the work
increased when the numerical strength of the armed forces of
the U.S. was raised through the Selective Service Act in
1940 and took on global aspects with the coming of World War
II. Executive offices were established in 1940 in Chicago
with a branch service office in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
When the U.S. became involved in World War II, a
comprehensive program was developed under the slogan
“They shall not march alone.”
Rufus H. McDaniel (b. 29 January 1850), American
clergyman in the Christian Church, died.
1951 Lloyd C. Douglas (b. 27 August 1877),
American clergyman and novelist, died.
1959 Henry A. Grueber, who was born on
21 November 1877 in Frankenmuth, Michigan, died. He attended
Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) and Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis), graduating in 1901. From 1921 to
1932 he was the president of the South Wisconsin District.
From 1932 to 1947 he was a vice-president of the Missouri
Synod. He was also chairman of the synod's Board for Higher
Education from 1932 to 1951.
Martin Henry Coyner, professor at Concordia College
(Conover, North Carolina) and Concordia Theological Seminary
(Springfield, Illinois), died in Saint Louis (b. 15 January
1890, Waynesboro, Virginia).
1984 Roland Bainton (b. 30 March 1894),
American Congregational historian, died.