Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194–1250)
signed a ten-year truce with Sultan
regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth and Bethlehem with neither
military engagements nor support from the papacy.
1562 Religious wars in France between
Huguenots (French Protestants) and the Roman Catholics
(lasting until 1598) forced a band of Huguenot colonists to
leave France for religious refuge in Florida.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (b. 6 March 1475), Italian
Renaissance artist and one of the greatest artists of
Western history, died.
1571 A group of
Spanish Jesuits in the Chesapeake Bay area were murdered
by the Indians they came to convert. Having arrived six
months earlier, these missionaries were led by
Juan Bautista de Segura. The massacre ultimately led to
the withdrawal of all Jesuits from Florida as well.
Abraham Ecchellensis (Latinized name of
Ibrahim al-Haqulani) was born in Haqil, Syria (d. 15 July
1678 John Bunyan’s
Progress was first published in England.
Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania, issued America's
first formal protest against slavery.
1732 Johann Christian Kittel, hymnist and the
last pupil of J. S. Bach, was born in Erfurt (d. 17 April
1781 Henry Martyn, missionary and Bible
translator in India, was born in Truro, Cornwall, England
(d. 16 October 1812).
1801 Peter Muhlenberg (1746–1807),
son of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, was elected to the U.S.
1846 On the three-hundredth anniversary
of the death of Martin Luther, the church in Altenburg,
Missouri, was draped with yards and yards of black cloth. A
special preparatory service was conducted the week before,
and on the day of the anniversary there was a morning
service at 10:00 and an afternoon service at 2:00. In his
announcements from the pulpit Pastor
Gotthold Heinrich Löber (1797–1849)
“our father who rests in God, who
has fallen asleep in the Lord.”
This information was taken from Löber’s
Vermeldungsbuch, his listing of church announcements
that begins on the first Sunday in Advent 1835 in Eichenberg,
Saxony. Turning the book upside down and beginning at the
back, Pastor Löber used the same book for his announcements
in Perry County, Missouri. The announcements concerning the
anniversary of Luther’s death were
made on Sexagesima Sunday 1846.
Jonathan (“Johnny Appleseed”)
Chapman (b. 26 September 1774), American pioneer
nurseryman, and missionary for the
Church of the New Jerusalem, died.
1867 The Augusta Institute was founded
in Georgia in the basement of the Springfield Baptist Church
of Augusta. Established as a college for black students, it
moved to Atlanta in 1879, changing its name to the Atlanta
Baptist Seminary. In 1913 it became
1872 J. W. Theodor Schlueter was born in
Scharmbeck, Hanover (d. 14 July 1950, Madison, Wisconsin).
He was educated at the Bremen Gymnasium and at Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis). He served as a pastor at Fulda and
Courtland, Minnesota. He became a professor at Concordia
Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) in 1905 and at
Northwestern College (Watertown, Wisconsin) in 1908, serving
until his retirement in 1927.
1874 William Sandys (b. 1792), English lawyer
and composer of "The First Noel," died.
1890 Adolph Arthur Grossmann, teacher and first
executive secretary of the Walther League, was born in
Fairfield, Minnesota (d. 19 February 1941).