Tomasso de Vio Cajetan, the most learned of the Roman
Catholic dignitaries sent to silence Martin Luther in the
early years of the Protestant Reformation, was born at
Gaeta, Italy (hence Gaetano, or Cajetan) (d. 9 August 1534).
1529 The Mass was abolished in
1544 The Fourth Diet of Speyer opened under Emperor
Charles V, who appealed for support against Turks and
Francis I of France (who, he claimed, had made an alliance
with Turks), with the first move to be made against Francis
I. The Protestants demanded a settlement of the religious
questions before giving war support. The Roman Catholics
were dissatisfied with some imperial proposals. Neither side
was satisfied with the final compromise, which provided for
maintenance of an army and a diet to be held at Worms within
a year. Charles V defeated Francis I in September 1544 and
so became free to move against the Protestants.
1546 Martin Luther’s
body arrived in Wittenberg (buried 22 February).
Rasmus Jensen, the first Lutheran pastor in North
America, died at Port Churchill, Hudson Bay, Canada. He came
in 1619 with the Jens Munk expedition sent by Christian IV
of Denmark to Nova Dania on Hudson Bay. The expedition
reached the mouth of the Churchill River in September 1619
but was stranded for the winter.
1830 Johann Friedrich Köstering,
historian of the Saxon immigration, was born at
Dahlinghausen, Hanover (d. 20/21 January 1908).
1853 Ernest Lewis Hazelius, professor at the
Lutheran seminaries at Hartwick, New York; Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania; and Lexington, South Carolina, died (b. 6
September 1777, Neusalz, Silesia).
1892 Claus Lauritz Clausen died (b. 3 November
1820 in Denmark).
1895 Abolitionist Frederick Douglass, the first
African-American to hold high political office, died (b. 17
1901 William Mahler (1870–1966),
the first LCMS missionary to Brazil, left for Brazil.
1940 Olaf Elias Brandt, professor at Luther
Seminary (Saint Paul, Minnesota), died (b. 19 February
1959 Laurence Housman, hymnist, died (b. 18
July 1865, Bromsgrove, Hereford, England).
Charles Leonard Woolley (b. 17 April 1880), British
1976 Kathryn Kuhlman (b. 9 May 1907), popular
American radio/TV evangelist and faith-healer, died.