Pope Alexander III
(ca 1100/05–1181) the Roman
Catholic Church canonized
Thomas Becket, the Archbishop (1162–1170)
of Canterbury, England, who was martyred at the hands of
King Henry II’s knights three
Thomas, the first known bishop of Finland, was granted
resignation after having confessed to torture and forgery.
1431 Pierre Cauchon (1371–1442),
bishop of Beauvais, began his interrogation of
Arc (ca. 1412–1431).
1513 Pope Julius II died (b. Giuliano della
Rovere, 5 December 1443, Albisola Superiore, near Savona,
Robert Southwell, English Jesuit priest and poet was
executed (b. ca. 1561).
Pope Benedict XIII died (b. 2 February 1649).
George Frideric Handel’s (1685–1759)
Samson premiered in London.
1795 Freedom of worship was established
in France under the constitution that came out of the
French Revolution of 1789.
1801 John Henry Newman, British
Anglican-turned-Catholic hymnist, was born in London (d. 11
Wilhelm Löhe, pastor at
Neuendettelsau, Bavaria, and patron of Lutheranism in
America, was born at Fuerth near Nuremberg (d. 2 January
1815 Philipp Jakob Trautmann, pastor and
charter member of the Missouri Synod, was born in Lambsborn,
Rhenish Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany (d. 3 April 1900).
1819 Christian August Thomas Selle, pastor of
First Saint Paul Lutheran Church (Chicago), where the
Missouri Synod held its organizing convention, was born at
Gelting, Angelm province, Schleswig, Germany (d. 3 April
Martin Stephan, leader of the Saxon Immigration of
1838-1839, died (b. 13 August 1777).
Synod of Central Pennsylvania
was organized at Aaronsburg, Pennsylvania, by two
conferences of the Synod of West Pennsylvania.
1861 Ernst F. A. Rietschel, sculptor, died (b.
15 December 1804, Pulsnitz, Saxony). [German
1868 Maximilian Christopher Immanuel Fritschel,
president of Wartburg Seminary, was born at Saint Sebald,
Iowa (d. 1 January 1940).
1945 Eric Liddell (b. 16 January 1902),
Scottish Olympic champion and missionary to China, died.
1964 Lorenz F. Blankenbuehler, professor at
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and editor of The
Lutheran Witness, died in Saint Louis (b. 7 February
1886, Webster City, Iowa).