Saint Hilary (a.k.a. Hilarus, Hilarius), 46th Bishop of
Rome according to Roman Catholic tradition, died.
Westminster Abbey, the most famous church in England,
opened its doors for the first time.
Bucer, reformer of Strasbourg, died in England (b. 11
November 1491 Sélestat).
1638 The National Covenant was signed by
the Scottish Presbyterians (called
because of their solemn agreements for religious and
Clement XIII (1693–1769)
granted permission for the Bible to be translated into all
the languages of the Roman Catholic states.
1784 The English founder of Methodism,
(1703–1791), formally chartered
the movement thereafter known as Wesleyan Methodism.
Benjamin Kurtz, president of the General Synod, was born
in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (d. 29 December 1865).
Samuel Simon Schmucker, Gettysburg theological
professor, was born in Hagerstown, Maryland (d. 26 July
Robert Morrison (1782–1834)
sailed from Britain to become the first Protestant
missionary to China.
Heinrich Graf, German Protestant Old Testament critic,
was born at Muhlhausen, in Alsace (d. 16 July 1869).
Heavenly Father, Hear” was written
James Montgomery (1771–1854).
Carl Adolf Frank, clergyman and first editor of The
Lutheran Witness, was born in Wimpfen, Germany (d. 18
1853 Paul John Theodor Roesener was born
in Berlin, Germany (d. 17 February 1939, Mokena, Illinois).
He immigrated to America in 1874 and graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). He served congregations in
Rose Hill, Texas; New Orleans, Louisiana; Altenburg,
Missouri; and New York City. He served as president of the
Western District of the Missouri Synod, vice-president of
the Atlantic District and a member of the Missouri Synod
Board of Indian Missions, the Board of Higher Education and
the Board of Control for Concordia College (Bronxville, New
Firmin Loisy, French Roman Catholic theologian, was born
in Marne (d. 1 June 1940).
Wilfred T. Grenfell, medical missionary to Labrador, was
born at Parkgate (Cheshire), England (d. 9 October 1940).
1870 The first physical plant for
Concordia Publishing House (Saint Louis) was dedicated.
Society of Mary (the Marist Fathers) was officially
sanctioned by Pope Pius IX. This Roman Catholic religious
order, founded in 1816, seeks to unite the work of education
Jean-Claude Marie Colin, who founded the Marist Fathers
in 1816, died (b. 7 August 1790).
Friedrich Wilhelm Tobias Steimle, who helped found the
German Evangelical Lutheran Synod of New York, died (b.
1898 Edwin T. Bernthal was born in Saint
Louis, Missouri (d. 21 November 1970, Winter Haven,
Florida). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis)
in 1920 and served his entire fifty-year ministry as pastor
of the Lutheran Church of the Epiphany, Detroit, Michigan.
During World War II he was appointed by LCMS President
Behnken to represent the Missouri Synod in Washington, D.C.
He coordinated work for the synod’s
Army & Navy Commission. He also served on the Board of
Directors of the synod from 1953 to 1969 and was a member of
the Valparaiso University board of directors for many years.
Henry W. Buck, leader in the Lutheran Laymen's League
and member of the Missouri Synod Board of Directors was born
(d. 20 April 1960).
Ernst Henry Engelbrecht, professor at Concordia Teachers
College (River Forest, Illinois) and field secretary for the
Walther League, died (b. 23 December 1870, Farmers Retreat,
1944 Nazi soldiers invaded the home of
Dutch Christian Corrie
ten Boom (1892–1983) and
arrested the family on the charge of harboring Jews.
1960 The first meeting of congregational
delegates from the LCMS mission effort in Hong Kong was
Pope Benedict XVI resigned is office, the first pope to
do so since 1415.