prophet and founder of Manichaeism, died (b. ca. 210 perhaps
at Seleucia-Ctesiphon, Persia).
Frederick I (Barbarossa; “Redbeard”; ca. 1122–1190),
Holy Roman Emperor, was excommunicated.
1415 At the
Council of Constance, convened to end the Great Schism
during which three men claimed to be pope,
Antipope John XXIII (one of the three, not to be
confused with the 20th-century Pope John XXIII) abdicated.
Adrian VI was born (d 14 September 1523). He was the
only pope of modern times, except Marcellus II, who retained
his baptismal name.
Franz von Sickingen, Protestant military leader, was
born at Ebernburg, near Kreuznach, Lower Palatinate (d. 7
Ferdinand II (1452–1516), king
of Castile and Aragon, banished 800,000 Jews as part of the
1528 The Instruction for Visitors was
published, setting up guidelines for the
visitation of the churches and priests in Saxony to
determine the faithfulness of the pastors and churches and
to set up a structure of correcting any errors. The
visitation officially began on 6 September 1528.
Abbot, bishop of Salisbury and elder brother of George
Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, died at Salisbury (b. ca.
1791 John Wesley,
founder of Methodism, died in London (b. 17 June 1703).
Leo XIII was born near Anagni, Italy (d. 20 July 1903).
John S. B. Monsell, Anglican clergyman and hymnist, was
born in Londonderry, Ireland (d. 9 April 1875).
Tuve Nilsson Hasselquist was born in Osby, Sweden (d. 4
Heinrich August Allwardt, president of the board of
Luther Seminary, was born at Wachendorf, Mecklenberg-Schwerin,
Germany (d. 9 April 1910).
Reinhold Pieper was born in Carwitz, Pomerania, Germany
(d. 3 April 1920, Chatham, Illinois).
Laurentius Gustav Abrahamson was born in Medaker, Sweden
(d. 3 November 1946).
Jacob Scherer, North Carolina Synod home missionary,
died (b. 7 February 1785).
Freedman’s Bureau in Washington, D.C., chartered the
Howard Normal and Theological Institute for the Education of
Teachers and Preachers. Named for the director of the
Freedman's Bureau, Oliver Otis Howard, Howard
University has become the most prestigious institution
of higher learning with a predominantly African American
Pius XII was born in Rome (d. 9 October 1958).
Immanuel Lutheran College (Greensboro [Concord], North
Carolina) was founded (or 1903).
1903 The first Lutheran service was held
at Sao Leopoldo, Brazil.
Daniel March, American Congregational clergyman and
hymnist, died at Woburn, Massachusetts (b. 21 July 1816).
United Evangelical Lutheran Synod of North Carolina was
organized by a merger of the the North Carolina and
1938 Lutheran pastor
Martin Niemöller (1892–1984),
one of the founders of the Germany Confessing Church during
the Nazi era, was sentenced to seven months in prison for
opposing Adolf Hitler.
Lutheran Academy for Scholarship was organized at a
meeting in Chicago on 2–3 March.