1475 Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor and architect, was born in Caprese, Italy (d. 18 February 1564).
1522 Martin Luther returned to unsettled Wittenberg from the Wartburg.
1624 Johann Georg Albini, hymnist, was born at Unter-Nessa, near Weissenfels, Saxony (d. 25 May 1679).
1659 Salomo Franck, cantata librettist and hymnist, was born at Weimar (d. 14 June 1725).
1793 Bernhard Klein, hymnist, was born in Cologne (d. 9 September 1832).
1831 Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, founder of charitable institutions, was born (d. 2 April 1910).
1834 Gustav Adolf Warneck, German missiologist, was born in Naumburg, near Halle (d. 25 December 1910).
1837 Arthur Tappan Pierson, mission authority, was born in New York City (d. 3 June 1911).
1892 Carl Ludwig Geyer, Saxon immigrant teacher and later pastor in Serbin, Texas, died (b. 16 March 1812, Zwickau, Saxony).
1901 Edward Henry Buchheimer was born in Memphis, Tennessee, the son of the Rev. Louis and Julie (nee Steuber) Buchheimer (d. 31 August 1985). He was educated at Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), graduating in 1924. He also did graduate work at the University of Wisconsin and in 1956 received a master of education degree from Wayne State University (Detroit). On graduation from the seminary he was called to Detroit to establish a mission on the far east side. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Our Saviour was established in 1924, and he served as pastor until his retirement in 1972. While serving Our Saviour he introduced the Vacation Bible School concept in 1925. He also served as chaplain at the county jail and the sanitarium at Howell, Michigan, and was announcer on the Detroit Lutheran Hour until its merger with the International Lutheran Hour. From 1949 until his retirement he served as a chaplain for the Detroit Police Department. He also served on the Missouri Synod's Board of Missions for North and South America. In 1960 Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) conferred on him an honorary doctor of divinity degree.
1909 Andreas Sixtus Nielsen, president of Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, died (b. 1832).
1911 Hans Christian Schmidt, Lutheran missionary to India, died in India (b. 25 May 1840).
1919 Julia H. Johnston (b. 21 January 1849), American Presbyterian Sunday school leader, died.
1933 Amos R. Wells (b. 23 December 1862), American Christian educator, died.
1984 Martin Niemöller (b. 14 January 1892), German theologian, died.