417 Innocent I,
pope from 401 to 417, died.
Gregory the Great died (b. ca. 540).
1088 Otho of Lagery was elected pope and
took the name
Urban II. Though he had some trouble taking his office (Holy
Roman Emperor Henry IV [1050–1106]
supported a rival,
[1029–1100]), he made a name for
himself by proclaiming the
Crusade in 1095.
Wenzeslaus Link, friend and co-worker of Martin Luther,
died (b. 1483, Colditz, near Leipzig, Saxony).
Gerhardt, German Lutheran pastor and hymn writer, was
born at Graefenhaynichen, between Halle and Wittenberg (d.
27 May 1676).
Gregory XV (1554–1623)
Loyola (1491–1556, founder of
the Jesuits), Philip Neri
(1515–1595, Italian co-founder of
a medical religious order),
of Avila (1515–1582, a Spanish
Carmelite nun) and Francis
Xavier (1506–1552, the apostle
of eastern Asia).
1685 Anglican bishop and philosopher George
Berkeley was born in Ireland (d. 14 January 1753).
Thomas A. Arne, noted English composer, was born in
London (d. 5 March 1778).
Christian Frederick Lewis Endress, General Synod
founder, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 30
Georg Albert Schieferdecker, Saxon pastor, was born in
Leipzig, Germany (d. 23 November 1891).
Lowry, American Baptist clergyman and hymn writer, was
born in Philadelphia (d. 25 November 1899, Plainfield, New
Heinrich Wunder, first president of the Missouri Synod’s
Illinois District, was born in Muggendorf, Bavaria (d. 22
Jason Lee, missionary to the northwest United States,
died (b. 28 June 1803 near Stanstead, Quebec, then
considered part of Vermont).
Franz Julius Biltz (1825–1908),
one of the first students at Concordia College [Seminary],
Altenburg, Missouri, was ordained.
Konrad Kocher, German chorister, composer and hymn
writer, died (b. 16 December 1786, Dietzingen, Württemberg,
James Read Eckard, missionary to Ceylon, died (b. 22
November 1805, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).
1888 Otto William Wismar was born in
Chicago (d. 17 September 1965, Los Angeles, California). He
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1910 and
was ordained at Mount Calvary Lutheran Church (New Orleans)
on 28 August 1910. From 1917 to 1918 he served as a military
chaplain. In 1921 he joined the faculty of Saint Paul's
College (Concordia, Missouri). He became the pastor of Grace
Lutheran Church (Los Angeles) in 1926.
1904 Theodore F. A. Nickel was born in
Onekama, Michigan (d. 12 March 1996, Waseca, Minnesota). He
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1927 and
served as a pastor in Bessemer, Michigan; Eau Claire,
Wisconsin; and Aurora and Chicago, Illinois. He was
vice-president and president of the Northern Illinois
District and a vice-president of the LCMS. He retired in
Carl Stamm Meyer, church historian and professor at
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) was born in Wetaskiwin,
Alberta, Canada (d. 17 December 1972).
1916 The first Lutheran congregation was
organized in Hankow, China, as a result of the work of
Eduard L. Arndt (1864–1929).
1922 Albert Friedrich Wilhelm Grimm died
(b. 18 January 1864, Pomerania). He immigrated with his
parents to the United States in 1874, landing in New York
and later settling in Wisconsin. He graduated from Concordia
Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) in 1888 and
served as a pastor in Oak Grove, Illinois, and Antigo,
Wisconsin. In 1919 his eldest son died, and Albert resigned
from the ministry to take over his son's position as manager
of Antigo Publishing Company. Grimm is best remembered for
his short stories and novels written under the pen name
Kent Sigvart Knutson, president of The American Lutheran
Church, died (b. 7 August 1924, Goldfield, Iowa).
Radio Voice of the Gospel, the Lutheran World Federation
radio station in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, was nationalized by
the Ethiopian government.
1983 The founding convention of the
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Paraguay was held.
1996 Theodore F. A. Nickel died in
Waseca, Minnesota (see above under 1904).