Gregory the Illuminator, who led a nation (Armenia) to
adopt Christianity even before Constantine legalized it in
the Roman Empire, died (b. ca. 240–257).
789 The first Synod of Aachen
met in Aachen, Germany (Aix-la-Chapelle), under
(742/747–814). Although nothing of
great importance was decided at this meeting, future
meetings in Aachen were of importance to the Christian church.
1527 The First
Diet of Nürnberg began. The diet was called by
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500–1558)
to deal with, among other things, the mounting religious crisis.
Waltham Abbey in Essex, England, became the last
monastery in that country to surrender its allegiance to the
Roman Catholic Church and support King Henry VIII and the
emerging Church of England.
Pope Julius III died (b. 10 September 1487).
Wolfgang von Anhalt, signer of the Augsburg Confession, died.
Peace of Longjumeau ended the Second War of Religion in France. Again
Catherine de' Medici and
Charles IX of France made substantial concessions to the
1622 Melchior Adam, Protestant biographer,
died at Heidelberg, where he was rector of the city school (or 26
December; b. ca. 1575).
1743 George Frideric Handel’s (1685–1759)
oratorio Messiah played in London and was attended by the king.
Johann Gottfried Walther, German music theorist,
organist, and composer, died (b. 18 September 1684).
Johann Jakob Wettstein, Arminian New Testament scholar,
died in Amsterdam, Netherlands (b. 5 March 1693).
Samuel Munson, missionary to Indonesia, was born in New
Sharon, Maine (d. 28 June 1834).
Stephen Return Riggs, missionary to the Dakota Indians,
was born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 24 August 1883).
Twells, hymnist, was born (d. 19 January 1900).
Crawford Howell Toy, an American Hebrew scholar, was
born at Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1919).
George Arthur Buttrick,
Presbyterian pastor and educator, was born at Seaham Harbor,
Northumberland, England (d. 1980). Ordained in the U.S. in
1915, he served four pastorates, the last being at the
Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church in New York City (1927–1954).
He also taught at both Union Theological Seminary and
Harvard University. He was the chief editor of The
Interpreter's Bible (1952–1967).
Theodore Emmanuel Schmauk, American Lutheran pastor,
theologian and historian, died (b. 30 May 1860).
Richard William Heintze, librarian at Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) died (b. 11 November 1868, Berlin, Germany). He also served as the first curator of Concordia
Historical Institute from 1927 to 1936.
1966 The Archbishop of Canterbury,
Arthur Michael Ramsey (1904–1988),
visited Rome and met with Pope Paul VI. This was the first
such meeting between the heads of these two churches since
Henry VIII broke from Rome to form the Church of England
over four hundred years before.
Lee Barry, president of the Missouri Synod, died in
Orlando, Florida (b. 4 August 1931, Woodbine, Iowa). He was
the 10th president of the synod and the first to die in