1208 Pope Innocent
III placed Britain under an interdict after England's King
John opposed the Pope's choice for Archbishop of Canterbury.
Innocent canceled all religious services until John
surrendered. Soon after his surrender, the king signed the
Magna Carta, in which the first article affirms "That the
Church of England shall be free."
Louis IX of France (1215–1270)
called his knights to Paris in preparation for the Eighth
Crusade (his second) directed against Tunis in North Africa.
Johann Konrad Dannhauer, Lutheran theologian, was born
(d. 7 November 1666). [German
Queen Elizabeth I of England died (b. 7 September 1533).
The daughter of Henry VIII, Elizabeth took the final steps
to make the Anglican Church the state church of England.
1603 King James VI of Scotland acceded
to the English throne and was known thereafter as James
I of England (1566–1625). His
descent from Henry VIII (through his great-grandmother Mary
Tudor and his mother Mary Queen of Scots) made him the
nearest heir to the English throne when Queen Elizabeth I
died. (The two kingdoms of England and Scotland were not
united until 1707.) At the 1604 Hampton Court Conference
James I authorized the translation project that became the
1611 King James (authorized) Version of the Bible.
Scheidt, German Lutheran organist and composer, died (b.
3 November 1587).
William Leddra became the last
to be executed in Boston.
Johann Jakob Griesbach (b. 4 January 1745), German New
Testament scholar, died.
Fanny J. Crosby, popular American hymn writer, was born
in Putnam County, New York (d. 12 February 1915).
Jeannette Threlfall, hymnist, was born in Blackburn,
Lancashire (d. 30 November 1880).
Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor, died (b. 19
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet and hymnist, died (b.
27 February 1807).
Henry Rowley, English Old Testament scholar, was born at
Leicester (d. 4 October 1969). After serving as a pastor for
five years, he taught at Christian University in Shantung,
China (1924-1929), the University of Cardiff (1930-1934),
the University of Bangor (1935-1945) and Manchester
University (1945-1959). He authored and edited many valuable
contributions to biblical linguistics. Among his most highly
acclaimed writings are the The Aramaic of the Old
Testament (1929) and The Growth of the Old
Roy A. Suelflow was born in Germantown, Wisconsin (d. 2
James Cardinal Gibbons (b. 23 July 1834), Archbishop of
Baltimore and first chancellor of the Catholic University in
Washington, D.C., died.
1940 Samuel McCrea Cavert of the Federal
Council of Churches of Christ in America officiated at a
Protestant Easter service in New York City. This was the
first religious program broadcast on television. It was
televised over NBC affiliate station W2XBS in New York City.
Óscar Arnulfo Romero, archbishop of El Salvador, was
assassinated (b. 15 August 1917).