The Annunciation of Our
752 Pope-elect Stephen died before
1347 Catherine of Siena, Italian saint,
was born (d. 29 April 1380).
1400 Florens Radewyns, leader of the
Brethren of the Common Life, died (b. ca. 1350).
1409 The Council of Pisa was assembled for
the primary purpose of deposing two rival popes, Benedict XII (1394–1417) and Gregory XII (1406–1415).
The return of the papacy to Rome from Avignon, France (1309–1377), created the Great Schism (1378–1417), which saw as many as three rival popes, each
claiming legitimate papal powers. The council elected Alexander V on
1522 Upon his recovery from battle wounds,
Ignatius of Loyola (1491–1556) visited the Benedictine
monastery of Montserrat, where he hung his military accouterments before the image of
the Virgin of Montserrat. Then he led a period of asceticism to found later
the Society of Jesus.
Andreae, Formula of Concord co-author, was born (d. 7 January 1590). [German Wikipedia
Dietrich, reformer, died (b. 8 December 1506). [German
1593 Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit
missionary to Canada, was born (d. 16 March 1649).
1609 Olaus Martini, Swedish archbishop of
Uppsala, died (b. 1557)
1655 Puritans took
Maryland at the Battle of the Severn.
1740 Construction began on the Bethesda Orphanage in Savannah, Georgia,
the oldest existing orphanage in America. It was built and paid for from
contributions raised by English revivalist George Whitefield (1714–1770) through his public preaching both in England and
1783 Andrew Grassman,
traveling missionary to Germany, Sweden, Lapland and Greenland, died (b. 23 February
Rice, missionary to India, was born in Northborough, Massachusetts (d. 25 September
1797 Social reformer John Winebrenner, founder of the
Church of God (now known as the Churches of God, General Conference), was born
in Maryland (d. 12 September 1860).
1807 The Slave Trade Act became law,
abolishing the slave trade in the British
1811 Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) was expelled from the University of Oxford for
his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of
Albrecht Ritschl, a leading German Protestant theologian of the last half of the
nineteenth century, was born in Berlin (d. 20 March 1889).
1823 Godfrey Thring, Anglican
clergyman and hymnist, was born at Alford, Somerset (d. 13 September
1843 Robert Murray M'Cheyne (b. 21
May 1813), Church of Scotland minister, died.
Joseph Schmidt, president of Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana), was born in
Altenburg, Perry County, Missouri (d. 1 May 1931).
1859 Jens Christian Roseland, Augustana Synod leader, was born in
Sandnes, Jaederen, Norway (d. 17 December 1930).
Hove, a professor at Luther College (Decorah, Iowa) and Luther Seminary (Saint Paul,
Minnesota), was born at Northwood, Iowa (d. 17 December 1927).
1876 The Home Mission Board of the Northern Presbyterian Church sent its
first missionaries to the American Indians.
John H. Stockton
(b. 19 April 1813), American Methodist pastor and hymn writer, died.
I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople, was born (d. 7 July 1972).
1890 The Finnish
Evangelical Lutheran Church (Suomi Synod) was organized at Calumet,
1890 William Ashley “Billy”
Sunday (1862–1935), famed left fielder for the Chicago
White Sox, gave up his successful career in baseball following his conversion to
Christ. He soon became one of the most popular evangelists of his day.
1906 Dawson E. Trotman, founder of the
Navigators, was born in Bisbee, Arizona (d. 16 June 1956).
1917 The Georgian Orthodox Church
restored its autocephaly abolished by
Imperial Russia in
Böhmer, Luther historian, died (b. 1869).
1939 Cardinal Eugenio
Pacelli became Pope Pius
1980 Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie
(1921–2000) was installed as the 102nd Archbishop of
Canterbury. He served until 1991.
1991 Marcel Lefebvre, French Catholic
prelate who took the lead in opposing changes within the Roman Catholid Church
associated with the Second Vatican Council, died (b.
29 November 1905).