1146 French monastic reformer and
Bernard of Clairvaux (1090–1153)
preached for the Second
Crusade at Vezelay, France.
Ferdinand (1452–1516) and
Isabella (1451–1504) sign the
Alhambra decree aimed at expelling all Jews from Spain
unless they convert to Roman Catholicism.
Pope Pius IV was born (d. 9 December 1565).
1567 Philip of
Hesse (b. 13 November 1504), the most eminent of the
Protestant princes during the Reformation, died.
1631 John Donne,
English divine, metaphysical poet and priest, died (b.
Pope Benedict XIV was born (d. 3 May 1758).
Johann Christoph Bach, composer, died (b. 6 December
Franz Joseph Haydn, composer, was born in Rohrau,
Austria (d. 31 May 1809).
Wyeth, American printer and publisher, was born in
Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 23 January 1858).
Asbury (b. 20 August 1745), pioneer American Methodist
John Marriott, hymnist, died (b. 11 September 1780).
Charles Seymour Robinson, hymnist, was born in
Bennington, Vermont (d. 1 February 1899).
Olof Olsson, president of Augustana College and Seminary
and a hymn translator, was born in Karlskoga, Vaermland,
Sweden (d. 12 May 1900).
1856 In Mexico the property of the clergy
was seized by the government. A new program of political and
religious reform had begun the year before that included
legislation designed to strip the churches of their
Lars Esbjörn (1808–1870),
pioneer Augustana Synod pastor, resigned from the Synod of
Smith, popular 19th-century American evangelist, was
born (d. 4 August 1947).
Martin Samuel Sommer was born in Blenheim, near
Baltimore, Maryland (d. 16 December 1949).
Sir John Stainer, composer, died in Verona, Italy (b. 6
June 1840, London).
1901 The first Lutheran confirmation
(eight confirmands) took place at San Pedro, Pelotas,
1927 Concordia Historical Institute was
incorporated. CHI is the Department for Archives and History
for the Missouri Synod.