of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury, died.
1506 Commissioned by Pope Julius II, the
foundation stone was laid for the new
Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Julius's plan was to pay
for construction costs by the sale of indulgences. The sales
campaign prompted Martin Luther to raise bitter criticism of
indulgences in his Ninety-Five Theses, posted in 1517.
Second Diet of Nürnberg
declared the implementation of the Edict of Worms against
Johann Burkhard Freystein, hymnist, was born in
Weissenfels (d. 1 April 1718).
John William Richards, Lutheran professor at Lafayette
College, was born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 24 January
Joseph Dacre Carlyle, orientalist and hymnist, died in
Newcastle, England (b. 4 June 1758, Carlisle, Cumbria,
James Hamilton, hymnist, was born in Glendollar,
Scotland (d. 1896).
1874 The remains of Scottish missionary David
Livingstone (1813–1873), who
died the year before in what is now northern Zambia in
Africa (1 May 1873), were interred in Westminster Abbey in
1882 George S. Schuler, American
evangelical music educator and composer, was born in New
York City. For forty years he served as a faculty member at
Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. He composed a number of
Gospel songs but is remembered particularly for the hymn
tune SCHULER ("Make Me a Blessing").
Niels Thomsen, missionary to India who helped organize
the Danish American Lutheran Mission Society, died (b. 5
August 1842, Denmark).
major earthquake and subsequent fires devastated San
Francisco, California, killing at least 3,000 and leaving
more than half of the city's population homeless.
Saint Paulus Lutheran Church, built in 1893, was spared
from destruction by the fires and from a plan to dynamite
the building to stop the spreading fires in 1906 but was
destroyed by fire in 1995.
1906 A Los Angeles Times story on the
Azusa Street Revival launched
Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
Joan of Arc (ca. 1412–1431)
was beatified in Rome.
1917 A planning committee called for the
union of the General Synod and General Council in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The impetus for the merger came
from the laymen on the Quadricentennial Committee (of the
Louis Arndt, pioneer missionary to China, died in Hankow,
China (b. 19 December 1864).