526 Justinian I
(482/483–565) was crowned Roman
Emperor in Constantinople's magnificent cathedral, the Santa
∆lfheah, an Anglo-Saxon bishop of Winchester and
subsequent archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered by Vikings
after refusing to be ransomed by the raiders who kidnapped
1054 Pope Leo IX
died (b. 21 June 1002). He was the first pope in medieval
times actively to seek an end to the marriage of priests.
1529 At the second (of four) Diet
of Speyer, the assembled Lutherans set down these words
in protest of Charles V's attempt to crush Lutheranism in
Germany and in favor of defending religious freedom for
religious minorities. It was from this written protest that
Lutherans in Europe took the name "Protestants."
Olaus Petri, Swedish reformer under Gustavus Vasa, died
(b. 6 January 1493, ÷rebro, Sweden).
Philipp Melanchthon, German reformer and humanist,
Luther's co-worker and one of the original leaders of the
Reformation, died (b. 16 February 1497).
Laurentius Petri, archbishop of Uppsala and brother of
Olaus, is commemorated (b. 1499).
Thilo, hymnist, was born in Koenigsberg (d. 27 July
Johann Jakob Rambach, Lutheran theologian, writer and
hymnist, died at Giessen (b. 24 February 1693, Halle).
John H. Stockton, American Methodist pastor and sacred
composer, was born in New Hope, Pennsylvania (d. 25 March
1877, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).
Ernst August Brauer, professor at Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis), was born in Northeim, Hannover (d. 29
L. Waring, Welsh Anglican hymn writer, was born in
Glamorganshire, South Wales (d. 10 May 1910, Clifton [near
William Nelthorpe Hall, Methodist missionary to China,
was born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England (d. 21 May 1878).
Henry Harris Jessup, Presbyterian missionary in North
Africa and the Middle East, was born in Montrose,
Pennsylvania (d. 28 April 1910).
1854 Nineteen-year-old English Baptist
Charles Haddon Spurgeon (1834–1892)
was called as pastor of the New Park Chapel in London. It
was one of the three largest of the 113 Baptist churches in
London at that time.
Anna Sarah Kugler, medical missionary in India, was born
in Ardmore, Pennsylvania (d. 26 July 1930, Guntur, India).
Georg Christoph Albert Kšppel,
teacher, organist, composer and professor, was born in
Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 11 January 1934).
William Henry Havergal, hymnist, died in Leamington (b.
18 January 1793, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England).
Samuel Sebastian Wesley, religious composer, died (b. 14
Catholic University of America was chartered in
1888 The Luther
League, an intersynodical association of young people's
societies within the General Council and General Synod, was
organized in New York. It was later reorganized as the
Luther League of America in 1895.
1908 The Roman Catholic decree
officially went into effect. Issued in August 1907 by the
Vatican's Sacred Congregation of the Council, its
publication was intended to clarify the church's laws on
marriage. Its chief article decreed that marriages between
Catholics were thereafter null unless celebrated before a
qualified priest and at least two witnesses. The same law
applied when only one party was a Catholic, yet it did not
bind those who were not and had not been Catholic.
1978 The Lutheran church, clinic and
school of Zacapa, Guatemala, destroyed by an earthquake in
1975, were dedicated on this date after being rebuilt.
2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany
(b. 16 April 1927) was chosen as Pope
Benedict XVI of the Roman Catholic Church.