253 (or 254) Origen, Greek
church father, is commemorated (b. ca. 185).
Council of Constance was concluded, having first
convened on 5 November 1414. This conclave ended the Great
Schism within the Roman Catholic Church by deposing three
rival popes (John XXIII elected at the Council of Pisa,
Gregory XII elected in Rome and Benedict XIII elected in
Avignon, France). The council also condemned and executed
the two Bohemian reformers, John Huss in 1415 and his close
friend and disciple, Jerome of Prague, in 1417.
1529 A union of Protestant princes against
Second Diet of Speyer was created; a recess of the diet
Ignatius of Loyola (1491–1556),
the Spanish church reformer who founded the Roman Catholic
religious order the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1534, was
elected its first general by the members of the order.
Pope Alexander VIII was born (d. 1 February 1691).
Kant, German philosopher, was born in Königsberg,
Prussia, where he remained all his life (d. 12 February
Elijah Coleman Bridgman, missionary to China, was born
in Belchertown, Massachusetts (d. 2 November 1861, Shanghai,
Friedrich Pfotenhauer, fifth president of the Missouri
Synod, was born in Altencelle, Hannover, Germany (d. 9
October 1939, Chicago, Illinois).
1864 The motto "In God We
Trust" first appeared on U.S. coinage, being struck on a
bronze two-cent piece.
Karl Heinrich Ferdinand Ludwig Pamperrien, Lutheran
missionary to India, was ordained at Rudolstadt (1845–1926).
1897 Walter Henry Ellwanger was born in
New Middleton, Indiana (d. 15 December 1982). In 1928 he
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). He served
as a pastor in Chillicothe, Missouri; with the Lutheran City
Mission in Saint Louis; and in Waymansville, Indiana. From
1945 to 1967 he was the president of the Alabama Lutheran
Academy and College (Selma, Alabama).
Henry William Behrens, South African missionary, died
(b. 13 February 1827, Hermannsburg, Germany).
Elmer Arthur Kettner, Missouri Synod editor and author,
was born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 24 September 1964).
1960 The constituting convention of
The American Lutheran Church was held through 24 April.
1978 Edgar H. Aufdemberge, professor at
Concordia College (Bronxville, New York) from 1962 to 1978,
died in Tuckahoe, New York (b. 4 May 1922, Omaha, Nebraska).
Aufdemberge joined Concordia's staff in 1962 after previous
service as a teacher at parishes in Kentucky and New York.
He was also serving as a member of the Missouri Synod's
Board of Parish Education at the time of his death.