Mellitus, first bishop of London and third archbishop of
Wilfrid, English bishop and saint whose life coincided
with the lives of
Benedict Biscop, all of whom helped to convert the
Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England to Christianity, died (b.
Pope Benedict XII died (b. 1285).
William I, Prince of Orange (“The Silent”), governor of
the Netherlands, was born (d. 10 July 1584).
Schmalcaldic League, an alliance of German Lutheran
princes, was crushed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in the
Battle of Mühlberg.
Jakob Böhme, German Lutheran
pietist and mystic, was born near Goerlitz (d. 17 November
1581 Vincent de
Paul, founder of the Lazarist Fathers and the Sisters of
Charity, was born in Pouy, Landes, France (d. 27 September
Martin Rinckart, German clergyman, Latin scholar,
chorister and hymnist, was born in Eilenberg, Saxony (d. 8
December 1649). [German
Martin Geier Jr., German theologian and hymnist, was
born (d. 12 September 1680). [German
Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar and martyr of the
Counter-Reformation in Switzerland, died (b. 1577).
1632 “My Soul, Now Bless Thy Maker” was
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (1594–1632)
at the first restored Protestant service in Augsburg during
the Thirty Years' War.
Toleration Acts were passed in Maryland under the
administration of Protestant deputy governor William Stone.
They provided for religious freedom for all Christians,
including Roman Catholics.
Asahel Grant, missionary to Persia, died (b. 17 August
1807, Marshall, New York).
Johannes Thorbjoernsen Ylvisaker, professor and author,
was born in Sogndal, Norway (d. 10 October 1917).
1853 The German Evangelical Lutheran
Central Bible Society for Missouri, Illinois and Iowa was
organized to promulgate German Bibles and New Testaments.
First Vatican Council of the Roman Catholic church, in
its third public session, published "Dei Filius." Beginning
with an attack on pantheism, materialism and atheism of the
day, it focused on the relationship between faith and
reason. In essence it proclaimed that God can be known
through human thought. It adopted "the dogmatic constitution
on the Catholic faith."
Samuel Prideaux Tregelles, English New Testament textual
critic, died (b. 30 January 1813).
1889 Walter F. Lichtsinn, vice-president
of the Missouri Synod, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d.
16 September 1982, Crown Point, Indiana). He was a 1913
graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and served
parishes in Toronto, Ontario, and Hammond, Indiana. He was
third vice-president of the Missouri Synod from 1947 to 1959
after serving as president of the Central District from 1927
1892 Erwin Herman Schnedler was born in
Saint Charles, Missouri (d. 12 December 1983, Milford
Center, Ohio). He was a graduate of Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) in 1914 and served on the faculty of Concordia
College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) from 1914 to 1961.
Eliza E. Hewitt (b. 28 June 1851), American Presbyterian
Sunday school leader and hymn writer, died.
1927 A Missouri Synod mission in Colombo,
Ceylon, was opened by Erwin Herman Meinzen (1898–1996).
United States v. Ballard the U.S. Supreme Court
ruled that no governmental agency can determine "the truth
or falsity of the beliefs or doctrines" of anyone.
1977 Paul Rosel, professor of music at
Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska), died at
Seward (15 April 1914, Saint Ansgar, Iowa). Rosel received
his bachelor of education degree from the Seward school. He
also held bachelor and master of music degrees from
Northwestern University. Rosel served parishes in Iowa,
Nebraska and Wisconsin before joining the Concordia faculty
in 1946. He published several choral collections, served as
an organ building consultant, offered organ recitals and
published the book Silent Night, Holy Night.
1983 David Londenberg was commissioned to
serve as the Missouri Synod's first missionary to Sierra
Leone, Africa. He had previously served as a missionary to
1983 Ground was broken for construction of
a new building of
Concordia Lutheran Theological Seminary on the campus of
Brock University in Saint Catharines, Ontario.
2005 - Cardinal
Joseph Ratzinger was inaugurated as the 265th pope of
the Roman Catholic Church, taking the name
Pope Benedict XVI.