Saint Mark, Evangelist
Augustine (354–430) was
799 Pope Leo III
(perhaps ca. 750-816) was attacked, his eyes stabbed and his
tongue torn. He recovered and crowned Charlemagne emperor.
He was pope from 795 to 816.
IX, king of France and saint, was born (d. 25 August
1270). Leader of the Seventh and Eighth Crusades (he died on
the latter), he was known for his humility.
Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, a medieval
English nobleman who probably joined his father on the
Fifth Crusade in 1219, died (b. ca. 1195).
1502 Georg Major,
Martin Luther's friend, was born at Nürnberg (d. 28 November
1518 The German Augustinians,
meeting in Heidelberg, relieved Martin Luther of his duties
as district vicar due to his increasingly vocal campaign
Oliver Cromwell, the Puritan lord protector of England,
was born near Cambridge, Huntingdon, England (d. 3 September
1792 John Keble,
English clergyman and hymnist, was born in Fairford,
Gloucestershire (d. 29 March 1866).
Ephraim Weston Clark, missionary to Hawaii and
Micronesia, was born in Haverhill, New Hampshire (d. 16 July
Israel Acrelius, provost of Swedish Lutheran churches in
Delaware, died (b. 4 December 1714).
Cowper, English hymnist, died at East Dereham, England
(b. 26 November 1731).
Ernst Ottmar Clöter, one of
Wilhelm Löhe’s missioners to
America, was born in Baireuth, Bavaria (d. 17 March 1897).
Samuel John Stone, Anglican clergyman and hymnist, was
born in Whitmore, Staffordshire, England (d. 19 November
1847 The organizational meeting of the
Missouri Synod began in Chicago with a worship service.
1879 Renowned English New Testament
J. B. Lightfoot (1828–1889)
was consecrated Bishop of Durham, having left Cambridge and
a life of scholarship to devote the remaining ten years of
his life to church administration.
1887 Radio evangelist Charles
Edward Fuller, known for his “Old Fashioned Revival
Hour,” was born in Los Angeles (d. 18 March 1968).
1929 The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of
America was organized at a church congress that convened
in Detroit. Previously the parishes in the U.S. were under
the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate in Bucharest, but the
insurgence of Communism in Eastern Europe forced the new
church's separation from its parent body. Today the group is
under the Orthodox Church in America.
1936 The Nigerian mission of the Lutheran
Synodical Conference was opened by
Henry Nau (1881–1956).
George Linn Kieffer, National Lutheran Council
statistician and reference librarian, died (b. 25 November
1883 near Millersburg, Pennsylvania).
Boris Yeltsin’s (1931–2007)
funeral was the first to be sanctioned by the
Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the
funeral of Emperor
Alexander III (1845–1894) in