Monica (332–387), mother of
Augustine, is commemorated.
Alexander IV (ca. 1199–1261)
founded the order of
1415 The followers of religious reformer
John Wycliffe (ca. 1320–1384)
were condemned as heretics at the
Council of Constance.
1453 Patriarch Yohannis XI, one of a long
line of patriarchs in the independent
Ethiopian Coptic church, died.
Alexander VI (1431–1503)
issued a bull on the West Indies, drawing a line of
demarcation between the colonial possessions of Spain and
1521 Martin Luther was “kidnapped” and
taken to the Wartburg Castle for safety and protection while
on his way home from the Diet
(Congress) of Worms. The “kidnapping” was done with the
blessing of the German ruler Frederick the Wise. During his
months at the Wartburg, Luther translated the New Testament
monks were hanged, drawn and quartered in London for refusing
to submit to Henry VIII as head of the church.
Protestant Union was formed at Aushausen, Germany, under
the leadership of Frederick IV of the Palatinate.
Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, one of the
translators of the King James Version, died (b. September
Michael Schirmer, German Lutheran hymn writer, died in
Berlin (b. 18 July 1606, Leipzig).
Muhlenberg (1746–1807) was
called as pastor to Woodstock, Virginia.
Gotthelf Glaeser, German music teacher and composer, was
born in Weissenfels (d. 16 April 1829, Barmen).
David Henkel, “most gifted of the Henkel family,” was
born (d. 15 June 1831).
Arthur James Mason, hymn translator, was born in England
(d. 24 April 1928).
T. Arneson, hymn translator, was born near
Highlandville, Iowa (d. 3 June 1917).
1879 The first Chinese Christian church in
New York City opened.
Friedrich Wilhelm Husmann, first secretary of the
Missouri Synod, died (b. 9 November 1807, Nordel, Hannover).
Francis Spellman, American Roman Catholic cardinal, was
born (d. 2 December 1967).
Sir W. Robertson Nicoll, editor of the British journal
The Expositor (which included articles by many leading
scholars) and of a 50-volume Expositor's Bible
(published 1888–1905), died (b. 10
1925 Johann Dietrich Ehlen, president of
the Missouri Synod's South Dakota District, died in Sioux
City, Iowa (b. 21 May 1859, Gross-Meckelsen, Hannover). He
was a teacher in Germany before immigrating to the U.S. in
1882. He studied at Concordia Theological Seminary
(Springfield, Illinois) and served as a pastor in Illinois
from 1885 to 1890, when he received a call to served as a
Reiseprediger (traveling missionry) in South Dakota,
especially for the Yankton Indian Reservation. He served
widely throughout the state and officially as a circuit
counselor, vice-president and member of the mission board.
He was district president from 1912 to 1918. In 1920 he
resigned from the ministry, in part because of anti-German
sentiments relating to World War I. He moved to Sioux City
near a son and served as a chaplain at the Lutheran
Alfred August Friedrich Schmieding, a professor at
Concordia Teachers College (River Forest, Illinois), died
(b. 3 April 1888).
1964 Messengers for Christ (Lutheran
Bible Translators) was organized in North Hollywood,
1984 Andrew John Buehner died in Saint
Louis, Missouri (b. 25 January 1905, Clayton, South Dakota).
He attended Concordia College (Saint Paul, Minnesota) and
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1928. He
spent most of the next twenty-two years working in India as
a missionary. There he served as secretary for the
Trivandrum District and as director of education in Kerala.
After returning to the United States, he served on the Board
of Directors for the Northern Nebraska District. He later
was an editor at Concordia Publishing House.