Emperor Constantine (ca. 272–337),
unable to subdue the Donatists,
gave them grudging tolerance.
Second Council of Constantinople convened under the
presidency of Eutychius, the city's new patriarch.
Johann Steuerlein, German Lutheran pastor, poet and
musician, died in Meiningen (b. 5 July 1546, Schmalkalden).
Sigismund von Birken (Betulius), tutor and poet, was
born at Wildenstein, near Eger in Bohemia (d. 12 June 1681).
Charles I of England (1600–1649)
and Scotland surrendered to the Scottish Presbyterian Army
1766 Jean Astruc
(b. 19 March 1684), French physician and pioneer in modern
Pentateuchal criticism, died.
Ludwig Harms, founder of the Hermannsburg Mission
Society, was born at Walsrode, Hannover (d. 14 November
Søren Aabye Kierkegaard,
Danish theologian and philosopher, was born in Copenhagen
(d. 11 November 1855).
Charles William Schaeffer, hymn translator and president
of the General Synod, was born in Hagerstown, Maryland (d.
15 March 1896).
Ithamar Conkey, New England music artist and composer,
was born in Shutesbury, Maryland (d. 30 April 1867).
American Bible Society (ABS) was organized in New York
to distribute Bibles throughout the world.
David Frederick Schaeffer, president of the General
Synod, died (b. 22 July 1787, Carlisle, Pennsylvania).
Sienkiewicz, Polish novelist, was born in Wola
Orkrzejska, Poland (d. 15 November 1916). His best-known
work is Quo Vadis.
German Augsburg Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church
(the Augsburg Synod), a Lutheran synod in the Mississippi
Valley, was organized.
Hiester Henry Muhlenberg, treasurer of the General
Council, died (b. 15 January 1812).
Johann Friedrich Karl Keil (b. 26 February 1807), German
Lutheran Old Testament scholar, died.
Theodore Gerhardt Tappert, Lutheran author, translator
and editor of the Book of Concord, was born in Meriden,
Connecticut (d. 25 December 1973).
Alexander McLaren, a great non-conformist (non-Anglican)
preacher, died (b. 1826).
1925 Dayton, Tennessee, teacher
Scopes (1900–1970) was
arrested for teaching evolution in his classroom. He did so
on purpose to test a law prohibiting such teaching. The
resulting trial—the first “trial
of the century”—resulted in public
mockery of fundamentalist Christians, driving them into a
more self-contained subculture.
1929 The first Missouri Synod service was
held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.