Sylvester II died (b. ca. 946 near Aurillac, Auvergne,
Sergius IV died (b. ?, Rome).
Gustav Vasa, Swedish king friendly to Lutheranism, was
born (d. 29 September 1560).
1521 Martin Luther's writings were burned
(1491–1547) in front of Saint
Paul's Cathedral in London. Henry later wrote: "If Luther
will not be converted, let him and his writings be burned
1531 The Protestant cantons in
inaugurated a blockade of the five Romanist cantons in
retaliation of the use of arms against them by the Romanist
cantons. The war that arose from the confrontation resulted
in the death of
Louis Hennepin, a Catholic priest and missionary of the
Recollect order, explorer of the interior of North
America, was born (d. 1705). Two great waterfalls were
brought to the world's attention by Louis Hennepin:
Niagara Falls, with the most voluminous flow of any in
North America, and the
Saint Anthony Falls in what is now Minneapolis, the only
waterfall on the Mississippi River.
Erdmann Neumeister, Lutheran pastor, hymnist and cantata
librettist, was born in Uechteritz (d. 18 August 1756).
Johann Rothe, hymnist, was born in Lissa, near Görlitz
(d. 6 July 1758).
1727 A revival began in Herrnhut under
Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf (1700–1760),
who spoke for three hours on the blessedness of living in
John Wainwright (1723–1768),
composer, was appointed organist at Collegiate Church,
Nicholas Collin (ca. 1746–1831),
Swedish Lutheran pastor, arrived in America.
1792 Englishman William
Carey (1761–1834) published an
87-page tract on the obligation to send missionaries to
John Nicolas Kurtz, Pennsylvania Lutheran pastor, died
(b. 12 October 1720, Lutzenlinden, Nassau-Weilburg).
Charles T. Astley, hymn translator, was born at
Cwmllecoediog (near Mallwyd), North Wales (d. after 1898).
Marsden, an associate of the reformer William
Wilberforce, died at Paramotta, Australia (b. 25 June 1765).
1861 Julia Ward
Howe’s (1819–1910) “Battle
Hymn of the Republic,” published in the Atlantic Monthly
three months earlier, was first performed at Fort Warren,
Massachusetts (near Boston), during a flag-raising ceremony
for new Union recruits.
Gotthilf Christian Barth, president of Concordia
Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois), was born in
Sandusky, Wisconsin (d. 17 February 1965).
1891 The Presbytery of New York voted to
Charles A. Briggs (1841–1913),
the new professor of biblical theology at Union Theological
Seminary, on trial for heresy.
Olof Olsson, hymn translator and president of Augustana
College and Seminary, died (b. 31 March 1841, Karlskoga,
Julius Köstlin, Luther
biographer, died (b. 17 May 1826, Stuttgart).
Crawford Howell Toy (b. March 1836), American Hebrew
Edward William August Koehler, author of Luther’s
Annotated Catechism and Summary of Christian Doctrine
and professor at Concordia Teachers College (Addison and
River Forest, Illinois), died (b. 31 October 1875).
1952 Dom Gregory
Dix (b. 1901), Anglican liturgical scholar, died.
1954 A Missouri Synod mission was opened
at Iligan, Philippines.
1957 The first professors were installed
at the new
Concordia Senior College in Fort Wayne, Indiana.