Hugh of Cluny, one of the most influential leaders of
one of the most influential monastic orders of the Middle
Ages, was born (d. 28 April 1109).
of England (1166–1216) signed
Pope Alexander VI (1431–1503)
Girolamo Savonarola (1452–1498),
Dominican priest and leader of Florence from 1494 until
his execution in 1498. He was known for religious reform,
anti-Renaissance preaching, book burning and destruction of
what he considered immoral art. He vehemently preached
against what he saw as the moral corruption of the clergy.
Erasmus Alberus, pupil of Martin Luther, educator and
hymnist, died (b. ca. 1500 in the Wetterau).
Johannes Aepinus (Johann Hoeck), the first Lutheran
superintendent of Hamburg, died at Hamburg (b. 1499). [German
Battle of Langside: the forces of
Mary Queen of Scots (1542–1587)
were defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under
James Stewart, Earl of Moray (ca. 1531–1570),
1607 A group of 105 Anglicans landed at
Jamestown, Virginia. With them was Chaplain Robert Hunt,
who set up the first Anglican church in America. According
to Captain John Smith, the group had daily common prayer
morning and evening, two sermons each Sunday and communion
every three months.
Richard Simon, French Biblical critic, was born (d. 11
Pope Innocent XIII was born (d. 7 March 1724).
John Caspar Stoever Jr., early American Lutheran pastor,
died (b. 21 December 1707, Luedorf).
Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg, Lutheran pastor and
congressman, was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d. 11
Pope Pius IX was born (d. 7 February 1878).
Friedrich Conrad Dietrich Wyneken, second president of
the Missouri Synod, was born in Verden, Hannover (d. 4 May
Sullivan Dwight, musician and hymn translator, was born
in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 5 September 1893).
1836 The Baptists withdrew from the
American Bible Society to form a denominational Bible
society of their own.
William P. Mackay, Scottish physician and pastor, was
born in Montrose, Scotland (d. 22 August 1885, Portree,
Arthur Sullivan, English composer, was born at Bolwell
Terrace, Lambeth (London), England (d. 22 November 1900,
Jansson, the leader of a Swedish pietist sect that
emigrated to the United States in 1846 and founded
Bishop Hill, Illinois, died (b. 21 December 1808).
Levi Franklin Gruber, Lutheran pastor, professor and
lecturer, was born near Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 5 December
Mons Olson Wee, Norwegian Lutheran professor, was born
in Etne, Bremnes canton, Norway (d. 15 April 1942).
Daniel Landsmann, LCMS missionary to Jews, died in New
York City (b. 18 June 1836, Russia).
1917 The Virgin Mary was said to have
appeared at Fatima,
Portugal, to three shepherd children.
1925 Florida's House of Representatives
passed a bill requiring all public schools to conduct daily
Martin Theodore Winkler, LCMS
New Zealand, died (b. 24 November 1880, Stratmann, Saint
Louis County, Missouri).
1946 The Lutheran Press, Obot Idim,
Nigeria, was opened.
Gustav Ernst Bergemann, president of
the Wisconsin Synod, died in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (b.
1862). He was educated at Northwestern College (Watertown,
Wisconsin) and the Wisconsin Synod seminary. He served at
pastor in Bay City, Michigan, and Tomah and Fond du Lac,
Wisconsin. He retired in 1947. He was a member of the
synod's Indian Mission Board, president of the old Wisconsin
Synod from 1908 to 1917 and president of the Joint Synod of
Wisconsin and Other States from 1917 to 1933.
1956 Good Shepherd Lutheran Home (Terra
Bella, California) was dedicated.
1981 Ali Agca, a 23-year-old Turkish
gunman, seriously wounded Pope John
Paul II (1920–2005) in an
assassination attempt in Saint Peter's Square in Rome. Agca
later converted to Christ when John Paul visited him in
1989 Emil A. Heino died in Cleveland,
Ohio. He graduated from Concordia Theological Seminary
(Springfield, Illinois) in 1934 and served as a pastor in
Ely and Sebeka, Minnesota, and Ashtabula, Ohio. He was
vice-president and president of the National Evangelical
Lutheran Church, a Finnish heritage church body that merged
with the Missouri Synod in 1964. He retired in 1984.