719 Wynfrith was consecrated as bishop
Boniface (ca. 672–754). He
would carry the Gospel across the region of Germany and
1248 The cornerstone for the
cathedral in Cologne, Germany, was laid by Archbishop
Konrad von Hochstaden.
Pope Innocent IV (ca. 1195–1254)
issued the papal bull
ad extirpanda, which authorized the torture of
heretics in the
1525 Eight hundred rioters were defeated
at Frankenhausen during the
Peasants’ War, and radical reformer
(ca. 1488–1525) was beheaded.
1529 The Latin translation of Luther's
Large Catechism was completed.
1530 Luther returned a draft of the Torgau
Articles with his approval to Philipp Melanchthon.
1548 The Augsburg
Interim, a compromise creed mixing confessional
positions of the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant
Reformation, was proclaimed by Emperor Charles V.
René Goupil, French Catholic missionary and the first
North American martyr of the Roman Catholic Church, was born
(d. 29 September 1642).
1686 Robert Ratcliffe arrived in Boston
with orders from England's
King Charles II
(1630–1685) to found the
Anglican Church in Massachusetts.
Thomas Taylor, hymnist, was born in Ossett, near
Wakefield, England (d. 1 November 1835).
Sylvanus Dryden Phelps, New England Baptist clergyman
and hymnist, was born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 23
November 1895, New Haven, Connecticut).
1817 The first private mental health hospital in
the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons
Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now
Friends Hospital) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, opened.
Conrad Dietrich Wyneken appeared before the General Synod as
treasurer of the Synod of the West.
Herman Lawrence Fritschel, hospital director and
deaconess rector, was born in Saint Sebold, Iowa (d. 23
Thomas Hastings (b. 15 October 1784), religious music
writer and editor, died.
Heinrich Karl Georg von Rohr, who helped found the
Buffalo Synod, died (b. 1797, Billerbeck, Pomerania).
Gustav Aulén, Swedish
theologian, was born at Ljungby, Sweden (d. 1977).
1886 Reclusive American poet Emily
Dickinson, many of whose poems focused on death,
eternity, God and the afterlife, died (b. 10 December 1830).
Edward Topping Doane, missionary to Micronesia, died (b.
30 May 1820, Tompkinsville, Staten Island, New York).
Rerum Novarum, the first document of the
Catholic Social Teaching tradition, was published by
Pope Leo XIII (1810–1903).
B. Calkin (b. 16 March 1827, London), English church
organist and music educator, died.
1911 The English Evangelical Lutheran
Synod of Missouri and Other States joined the LCMS as the
Harold Bennett Sightler, Baptist preacher and
revivalist, was born in the lower part of South Carolina (d.
1928 Friedrich August Schmidt, theologian,
author and educator, died (b. 1838). He graduated from Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1857 and served congregations in
New York and Baltimore. He taught theology at Luther College
(Decorah, Iowa), Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), the
Norwegian Synod seminary, Augsburg Seminary in Minneapolis
and the United Norwegian Lutheran Church Seminary in Saint
Paul. Schmidt was the founder of the United Norwegian
1932 M. Paulus, the first Missouri Synod
Malayalam pastor, was ordained in India.
Edward Flanagan, founder of the U.S. Home for Homeless
Boys (later called Boys Town) in Omaha, Nebraska, died (b.
13 July 1886).
Archbishop Jozsef Grosz
(1887–1961) of Hungary was
arrested for refusing to sign his government's peace appeal.
1972 U. S. Supreme Court decision (Wisconsin
v. Yoder) ruled that the Amish cannot be forced to
attend public schools against their religious convictions.
1984 Swiss evangelical
Francis A. Schaeffer died in Rochester, Minnesota (b. 30
Lamon Falwell Sr., an American evangelical Christian
pastor and televangelist, founder of the
Thomas Road Baptist Church in Lynchburg,
Virginia, and of
Liberty University and co-founder of the
Moral Majority, died
(b. 11 August 1933).