Saint Gregory II (d. 11 February 731) was consecrated
of York, English scholar who became advisor to
Charlemagne, died (b. ca. 735).
Archbishop of Canterbury, died (b. ca. 909).
1382 A synod meeting of Blackfriars,
London, to condemn John
Wycliffe (mid 1320s–1384) and
his followers was shaken by an earthquake. The terrified
clergymen fled. This "Earthquake Synod" was led by
Archbishop Courtenay and condemned as heretical twenty-four
theses from the writings of Wycliffe. Wycliffe later claimed
that God sent the earthquake "because the friars had put
heresy upon Christ. The earth trembled as it did when Christ
was damned to bodily death."
John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1503–1554)
signed the Wittenberg Capitulation, which transferred
control of the city to the Albertine line of the house of
1662 England's King
Charles II (1630–1685)
approved a bill requiring all ministers to assent publicly
to the Anglican Book of Common Prayer.
day was uncommonly dark in New England. Some thought the
judgment had come. It was probably caused by the eruption of
a volcano in Indonesia.
Joshua V. Himes, best known for promoting William
Miller's Second Advent movement, was born (d. 1895). Miller
predicted the Second Coming between 1843 and 1844. When this
did not happen, many followers deserted; others reorganized
themselves as Seventh-Day Adventists.
Frederick G. Baker, composer, was born on the Isle of
Wight (d. 1872).
Johann A. Anthes, aka Friedrich K. Anthes, musician and
composer, died at Idstein, Germany (b. 2 May 1812).
W. Hey, hymnist, died (b. 26 March 1789, Leina, near
1885 The complete
English Revised (E.V. or E.R.V.) Version of the Bible
was published in England.
1889 Edward Julius Friedrich was born in
Chattanooga, Tennessee (d. 1982). After attending Concordia College
(Fort Wayne, Indiana), he graduated from Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) in 1912. He served as assistant pastor at
Immanuel Church (Saint Charles, Missouri) before going to
Saint Paul Lutheran Church (Cleveland) in 1923. From 1930 to
1940 he was professor of homiletics at the Saint Louis
seminary. In 1940 he was called to serve as the
superintendent and chaplain of the Lutheran Sanitarium in
Wheat Ridge, Colorado. From 1942 to 1949 he was the
president of the Colorado District. In 1949 he became a
vice-president of the Missouri Synod.
Koschat (b. 8 August 1845), Austrian composer, died.
Jonathan Udo Ekong (1881–1982) was sent to the U.S. by the Ibesikbos
in Nigeria to seek missionaries for his country.
1936 The African mission of the Lutheran
Synodical Conference was opened.
Howard B. Grose (b. 5 September 1851), American Baptist
leader and author of the hymn "Give of Your Best to the
1956 Pope Pius
XII (1876–1958) condemned
artificial insemination as immoral and illicit.
opened at the Cherry Lane Theater in New York City. The
musical by Stephen Schwartz is based on the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew.
1994 Morris George Watkins died in Colorado
Springs, Colorado (b. 1923). A 1959 graduate of Concordia
Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois), he served from
1959 to 1964 and 1979 to 1983 in Nigeria and as the founder
of Lutheran Bible Translators. He retired in 1988.
2001 Walter William Stuenkel, president of
Concordia College (Milwaukee) from 1953 to 1977, died in
Green Valley, Arizona (b. 1912). A 1936 graduate of Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis), he received an honorary doctor of divinity
degree from the Saint Louis seminary in 1962 and earned a
Ph.D. from Marquette University (Milwaukee) in 1966. Stuenkel was the author of six books and Biblical
commentaries. He also was involved in training pastors in
the former Soviet Union.
2001 Raymond Frederick Surburg, who taught
for thirty years at Concordia Theological Seminary
(Springfield, Illinois, and Fort Wayne, Indiana), died in
Bloomington, Indiana (b. 1909). Surburg joined the seminary faculty in
1960. When he retired in 1990, he was professor and chairman
of the department of exegetical theology. Surburg was a 1933
graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and earned two
doctorates, a Th.D. from American Theological Seminary
(Wilmington, Delaware, 1942) and a Ph.D. from Fordham
University (New York City, 1950). Before 1960 he was the
pastor of Lutheran congregations in New Jersey and New York
and taught at Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska).