Saint Augustine, the first archbishop of Canterbury and
the missionary who brought the Gospel to England, died.
Gregory IX (ca. 1143–1241)
sent the first Inquisition team to Aragon, Spain. Gregory
had organized the Inquisition and turned it over to the
Dominicans the year before.
1647 Massachusetts enacted a law
forbidding any Jesuit or Roman Catholic priests from
entering Puritan jurisdictions. First-time offenders would
be banished; second-time offenders could face execution.
(sometimes cited as Achsah Young or Alice Young) was hanged
as a witch, the first such execution in Massachusetts.
Mather (1639–1723) became
minister of Boston's Second Church, a position he held until
his death fifty-nine years later.
Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf, German reformer and
founder of the Moravian Church as well as a pioneer of
ecumenism and mission work and a hymnist, was born in
Dresden, Germany (d. 9 May 1760).
1708 Johann Friedrich Ruopp, hymnist, died
in Halle. He was born at Strassburg, Alsace-Lorraine (date
unknown). While a theological student at Halle, he became a
Pietist. He was appointed deacon of Lampertheim; in 1692 he
became pastor at Gottesweiler, near Strassburg. He united
with his colleagues, and in 1704 with Johann Friedrich Haug,
in an attempt to spread a "Living Christianity." On 27
February 1694 he was driven from his charge and took refuge
at Halle, where he became adjunct of the theological faculty
and inspector at the orphanage. [The
Handbook to the Lutheran Hymnal, comp. W. G. Polack
(Saint Louis: CPH, 1942): 570]
G. Nageli, Swiss author of the hymn tune DENNIS, was
born in Wetzikon near Zurich (d. 26 December 1836).
1808 The Fifth (U.S.) General Conference
of the Methodist Episcopal Church concluded in Baltimore,
Maryland. The three-week conference had ordained
William McKendree (1757–1835)
the first American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Hunter, American Methodist clergyman, was born in County
Antrim, Ireland (d. 18 October 1877, Cleveland, Ohio).
August Friedrich Crämer was
born in Klein-Langheim, Bavaria. He began his studies in
1830 at the University of Erlangen (d. 3 May 1891).
Francis Bottome, hymnist, was born (d. 29 June 1894).
Alphonsus Liguori (1696–1787)
1845 Delegates from three elderships of
Churches of God in North America (Winebrennerians) met
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to form the "General Eldership
of the Church of God in North America."
Wisconsin Synod of the Lutheran church was organized in
1852 Michael H. Pankow, leader of German
Evangelical Lutheran District Synod of Nebraska, born in
Lebanon, Dodge County, Wisconsin.
United Presbyterian Church of North America was formed
by the merger of the Associate and the Associate Reformed
Presbyterian churches in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Shailer Mathews, American Baptist educator, was born in
Portland, Maine (d. 23 October 1941, Chicago).
Ivar Daniel Ylvisaker, president of the North Dakota
District of Norwegian Lutheran Church, born in Trondheim,
Norway (d. 5 March 1926).
1901 The first Missouri Synod baptism in
India took place.
1914 The first Missouri Synod Lutheran
school opened in China at Sha Pu Kai Chapel in Hankow.
1924 The Methodist Episcopal Church
repealed its ban on dancing and the theater.
Ernest DeWitt Burton (b. 1856), American Baptist
1935 John Conrad Strasen, vice-president
of the Missouri Synod, died at Milwaukee, Wisconsin (b. 7
November 1853, Collinsville, Illinois). He graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1876 and served as
pastor of First Lutheran Church (Omaha, Nebraska) from 1876
to 1879. He was then pastor of Holy Cross Lutheran Church
(Milwaukee) from 1879 until his retirement in 1924. He was
secretary of the Wisconsin District from 1885 to 1888,
president from 1894 to 1900, vice-president from 1903 to
1908 and vice-president of the synod from 1908 to 1914.
Adolf William Meyer, president of Saint John's College
(Winfield, Kansas) from 1895 to 1927, died (b. 20 July