Bernhard Adelmann von Adelmannsfelden was born (d. 16
December 1523). He was a humanist and friend of Reuchlin,
Erasmus and Martin Luther. [German
Thomas Müntzer, German radical
reformer, was executed (b. ca. 1489/91, Stolberg, Saxony).
1530 A harsh message from
Charles V (1500–1558) was sent
John the Constant, elector of Saxony (1468–1532),
banning evangelical preaching.
1564 John Calvin,
French Protestant reformer of Geneva, Switzerland, died (b.
10 July 1509).
1595 Philip Neri,
founder of the Oratorians, died (b. 21 July 1515).
Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, 8th Earl of
Argyll, chief of Clan Campbell, (b. 1607), was beheaded. He
was the de facto head of government in Scotland
during most of the conflict known as the
Wars of the Three Kingdoms. He was the most influential
figure in the
Covenanter movement that fought for the Presbyterian
religion and what they saw as Scottish interests during the
English Civil War of the 1640s and 1650s.
1668 The first Baptists were exiled from
George Washington Doane, American Episcopal clergyman
and hymnist, was born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 27 April
Charles W. Everest, American Episcopal clergyman and
hymnist, was born at East Windsor, Connecticut (d. 11
1814 Pope Pius
VII (1740–1823) returned to
Rome. He had crowned Napoleon, but the Frenchman had repaid
him by seizing the papal lands. Pius excommunicated those
involved, for which he was imprisoned and afterward barred
from returning to Rome until this date.
1819 Social reformer, abolitionist and
writer Julia Ward
Howe was born in New York (d. 17 October 1910). Her most
famous work was "The Battle Hymn of the Republic."
Williams Baker, hymn author, translator and composer was
born in London (d. 12 February 1877).
Maxwell J. Blacker, an Anglican priest and hymn
translator, was born (d. 11 June 1888).
1897 The first Missouri Synod missionary
residence in India was dedicated in Ambur.
John Henry Philip (Johann Heinrich Philip) Graebner died
(b. 7 July 1819). He emigrated to America in 1847 with a
company of Franconians and established the colony at
Peter Marshall, American Presbyterian U.S. Senate
Chaplain, was born in Coatbridge, Scotland (d. 26 January
1912 Philip Fry was born in Winnipeg,
Manitoba, Canada. He graduated from Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) in 1937 and served as a pastor in Edmonton,
Fort Saskatchewan, Chipman and Lamont, Alberta; Springside,
Saskatoon, Warman and Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, and
Beatrice, Nebraska. He was also president of the Manitoba
and Saskatchewan District, vice-president of the Southern
Nebraska District and vice-president of the Lutheran
1927 Frederick H. Brunn, president of the
Northern Illinois District of the Missouri Synod, died (b.
23 December 1855, Steeden, Nassau, Germany). He was the son
of Friedrich Brunn, who provided preliminary training for
over eighty pastors of the synod. After receiving the
training in his father's school, he attended Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) and graduated in 1876. He was pastor
in Chicago, Jefferson, Strasburg, Oak Glen and Lansing,
Illinois, and served as district president for fourteen
Carmichael, composer of Christian music, was born. Among
many popular pieces, Carmichael is the author and composer
of "He's Everything to Me" and "The Savior Is Waiting."
S. Cook (b. 4 December 1859), Canadian clergyman and
1934 Friedrich Theodor Lange, Concordia
Publishing House manager, died (b. 26 October 1866).
Luther B. Bridgers (b. 14 February 1884), American
Methodist clergyman, author and hymnist, died.