fell to the Turks under Muhammad II, ending the Byzantine
Empire and the Middle Ages. The city, the capital of Eastern
Christianity since 324, was renamed Istanbul, and the
Ottoman Empire began. The lavish cathedral, Hagia Sophia,
was converted into a mosque.
Jakob Kaiser, pastor at Zurich, was burned at the stake.
Wittenberg Concord between Lutheran and Swiss
theologians was signed.
1536 Pope Paul
III (1468–1549) called a
council to begin 12 May 1538 in response to the Reformation
movement on the continent. Only five bishops appeared in
Cenza. After six weeks Paul deferred the council's opening
date. Not until 1 November 1542, after three summonses, did
the council finally meet-at Trent. Even then few bishops
showed up, but Trent became one of the most important Roman
1577 The Formula
of Concord was subscribed to by its authors.
1619 The Synod of
Dort, Netherlands, an anti-Arminian gathering, after
sentencing the political leader Barneveld to death and the
scholarly Hugo Grotius to life imprisonment, dissolved
Juraj (Jiri, George) Tranovsky (Trzanowski, Tranoscius),
the “Slavonic Luther,ˮ a hymnist, died (b. 27 March 1592
O.S. [9 April N.S.]). [German
Laurenti Laurentius, hymnist, died (b. 8 June 1660).
1788 In Philadelphia the
Westminster larger and shorter catechisms were approved
as part of the constitution of the Presbyterian Church.
William Julius Mann, leader of the General Council, was
born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 20 June 1892).
Otto Gustav Alfred Rahlfs, Lutheran Old Testament scholar, was
born near Hanover, Germany (d. 1935).
1874 English novelist, essayist, poet, and
journalist G. K.
(Gilbert Keith) Chesterton was born in London (d. 14
1878 Phineas R. Hunt, printer and
missionary to Madras and Peking, died (b. 30 January 1816).
Christian Schwan (b. 5 April 1819), third president of
the Missouri Synod (1878–1899),
died in Cleveland, Ohio.
1912 The Evangelical Lutheran Mission
Society for China incorporated by
Eduard Louis Arndt (1864–1929).
1919 Second meeting of Norwegian Synod of
the American Evangelical Lutheran Church took place in
Albert Lea, Minnesota (through June 4). The constitution of
the new church body was completed and adopted, and officers
were elected for a two-year period. This church body, today
known as the
Evangelical Lutheran Synod, consisted of congregations
and pastors who declined to participate in the merger that
formed the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America in 1917.
1927 The new building for radio station KFUO was
dedicated on the campus of the Concordia Seminary (Saint
Barmen Declaration was issued by the confessing church
in Germany. It repudiated certain tenets of the Hitler
Percy Dearmer, hymn translator, died in London (b. 27
1954 Pope Pius X
(1835–1914) was canonized.
1983 The LCMS International Center was
dedicated in Saint Louis.