1098 After a seven-month siege the armies
of the First
Crusade captured Antioch (now in Turkey) from the
Muslims. The original purpose of this crusade, proclaimed by
Pope Urban II, was to relieve pressure by the Seljuk Turks
on the Eastern Roman Empire and to secure safe access for
pilgrims to Jerusalem.
Becket (ca. 1118–1170) was
consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
Johannes Trygophorus, reformer in Waldeck, died (b. ca.
August Hermann Francke's (1663–1727)
orphanage in Halle, Germany, opened.
Philip William Otterbein, founder of the Church of the
United Brethren in Christ, was born in Dillenburg, Germany
Hans Adolph Brorson, Danish Lutheran bishop and hymnist,
died (b. 20 June 1694).
Johann Ludwig Konrad Allendorf, hymnist, died in Halle
(b. 1693). [German
Dyer Ball, medical missionary to Hong Kong, Singapore
and Macau (1841), was born in West Boylston, Massachusetts
(d. 27 March 1866).
Azariah Smith, missionary to Armenia and Turkey, died
(b. 16 February 1817).
Theodore Baker, German musicologist and biographical
scholar, was born (d. 13 October 1934).
M. Flinders Petrie, Egyptologist, was born in Kent,
England (d. 28 July 1942).
College was chartered in Pella, Iowa, under Baptist
Carl Friedrich Theodor Ruhland, first president of the
Saxon Free Church (Freikirche), died (b. 26 April 1836).
Frances Ridley Havergal, English devotional writer,
hymnist and composer, died at Caswall Bay, near Swansea (b.
14 December 1836).
1886 Thirty-two young men, pages of the
court of King Mwanga of Buganda, were
burned to death at Namugongo for their refusal to renounce
William Alfred Passavant, leader in Lutheran social
service work, died (b. 9 October 1821).
Hudson Taylor, China Inland Mission founder and
missionary to China, died (b. 21 May 1832, Barnsley,
Arthur Tappan Pierson, mission authority, died after
returning from a trip to the Orient (b. 6 March 1837).
Michael Wolf Hamma, president of the General Synod, died
(b. 25 December 1836).
T. Arneson, who translated many hymns from the Norwegian
language into English, died (b. 4 May 1853).
1928 Andrew Schulze, following his
ordination in his home congregation in Cincinnati, Ohio, was
installed at Saint Philip Lutheran Church (Saint Louis). He
was born in 1896 in Cincinnati, Ohio, and graduated from
Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) in
1924. He served Holy Trinity Lutheran Church there, an
all-African-American congregation, from 1924 to 1928, prior
to his ordination. His call in Saint Louis was to gather in
the African American community. The newly founded parish
became the first self-supporting congregation composed
mostly of African American members. By 1944 two daughter
congregations (Saint Michael and Holy Sacraments) were
formed. Acutely aware of the problems of integrating the
African American community into the church, Schulze served
as president of the General Conference of Mission Workers
and Mission Congregations of the Synodical Conference from
1930 until 1946. In 1938 he founded the Saint Louis Society
for Better Race Relations (Lutheran). He was also active on
the Saint Louis (City) Race Relations Commission. In 1941 he
published My Neighbor of Another Color. He fought
actively to allow African Americans into Missouri Synod
schools. In September 1947 he was installed as
missionary-at-large in Chicago under the Northern Illinois
District to organize and work among the African American
community on the South Side. In November 1949 Christ the
King congregation, which he organized, dedicated its first
building. He was instrumental in the founding of the
Lutheran Human Relations Association of America in 1953. In
June 1954 he accepted the position of executive secretary of
that organization together with part-time teaching at
Valparaiso University. In 1964 he became the director of
research for the LHRAA.
A. O. Pieper, theologian and president of Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) and fourth president of the Missouri
Synod, died (b. 27 June 1852).
H. R. Mackintosh (b. 1870), Church of Scotland
1963 Pope John
XXIII, 260th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church and
convener of the Second Vatican Council, died. Expected to be
merely a "caretaker" pope when elected, he ushered in some
of the Roman Catholic Church's most far-reaching changes in
its history. Born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli on 25 November
1881, he was elected to the papacy on 28 October 1958.
1972 Sally J.
Priesand (b. 27 June 1946), became the first woman rabbi
in the U.S. when she was ordained in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1980 Oliver R.
Harms, seventh president of LCMS, died in Saint Louis,
Missouri (b. 11 December 1901, Cole Camp, Missouri).
1980 Catholic and Eastern Orthodox
representatives met officially for the first time since the
Council of Florence-Ferrara in 1438/1439 had attempted
to heal the
Great East-West Schism of 1054.
1999 Heino O.
Kadai, professor of historical theology at Concordia
Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois, and Fort Wayne,
Indiana) from 1960 to 1999, died (b. 20 August 1931, Tartu,