(ca. 293–373) was elected bishop of
Alexandria, where he would suffer many attacks and be forced
into exile five times.
attacked the monastery at
Lindisfarne, a tidal island off the northeast coast of
England. The date is often considered the first event of the
King Richard I (“the Lionhearted,” 1157–1199)
of England arrived at the besieged Palestinian port city of
Acre (Acco) during the Third Crusade (1189–1192).
1290 The death of Beatrice (b. 1266), the
woman he had worshiped from afar, caused Dante
Alighieri (1265–1321) to begin
philosophic studies that no doubt influenced his eventual
production of his great Christian epic poem The Divine
1536 Following Henry VIII’s Declaration of
Supremacy, English clergy drew up the
Ten Articles of Religion, the first articles of the
Anglican Church since its break from Roman Catholicism.
1612 Hans Leo
Hassler, musician, hymn writer and composer, died (b. 26
Laurentius Laurenti, hymnist, was born in Husum,
Schleswig (d. 29 May 1722).
August Hermann Francke, German Lutheran pietist pastor,
welfare worker, educator and philanthropist, died (b. 22
March 1663, Lübeck).
French revolutionaries replaced Christianity with a
deistic religion honoring a trinity of “Liberty, Equality
and Fraternity.” They renamed churches “Temples of Reason,”
and a new calendar announced a ten-day week and holidays
commemorating events of the revolution. The “reign of
terror” followed, with some 1,400 people losing their heads.
Napoleon recognized the church again in 1804, then proceeded
to imprison Pope Pius VII.
1810 Robert A.
Schumann, German religious composer, was born at
Zwickau, Saxony (d. 29 July 1856).
Judson (1788–1850) was taken
captive and tortured in Burma. He was held for several
months, and Ann Judson (1789–1826)
undermined her health attempting to rescue him.
Alexander Merensky, missionary to Transvaal, South
Africa, was born in Panten, Germany (d. 1918).
1838 Lutheran immigrants under
August Ludwig Christian Kavel (1798–1860)
left Prussia for Australia.
1845 Franconians sent by
Wilhelm Löhe (1808–1872)
to Michigan arrived in New York with Friedrich August
Wittenberg Synod was organized by eight pastors formerly
belonging to the English Synod of Ohio (East Ohio).
Oehler, director of Basel Missions, was born in
Tuebingen, Wuerttemberg (d. 15 June 1915).
1883 Saint John Lutheran Church, the first
English-speaking Lutheran church in Minneapolis, was
George H. Trabert (1843–1930),
Downton, hymnist, died in Hopton, England (b. 12
February 1818, Shropshire, England).
Charles A. Briggs (b. 15 January 1841), American
clergyman and biblical scholar, died.
1917 Norwegian Lutherans not willing to
join the new Norwegian Lutheran Church of America for
conscience’s sake met in Saint Paul, Minnesota (through June
11). A temporary organization was effected, a periodical
founded and a regular meeting was called for the next year,
when the Norwegian Synod of the American Evangelical
Lutheran Church was founded. This body later changed its
name to the
Evangelical Lutheran Synod.
1921 The LCMS Colorado (now Rocky
Mountain) District opened its first convention.
Johannes Astrup, Norwegian missionary to South Africa,
died in South Africa (b. 3 December 1872).
Rees Edgar Tulloss, president of Wittenberg College
(Springfield, Ohio), died (b. 26 July 1881 near Leipsic,
1978 After nearly 150 years of
discrimination against African Americans, the president of
the Mormon church, Spencer
W. Kimball (1895–1985), issued
a new policy that stated: "All worthy male members of the
Church may be ordained to the priesthood without regard for
race or color."