68 Death of
Claudius Caesar (b. 15 December 37), the Caesar to whom
the Apostle Paul appealed for justice in Acts 25:10.
597 Columba of Iona,
confessor, died (b. 7 December 521). Columba was an Irish
missionary to Scotland and founder of a monastery on the
island of Iona. Though more monk than missionary, he
established churches that went on in time to evangelize the
Picts and the English.
1155 During the first meeting of
Frederick Barbarossa (1122–1190)
and Pope Adrian IV, Frederick managed, through making some
concessions, to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor nine days
1536 The clergymen of England agreed to
petition for the right to read the Bible.
first Act of Uniformity, passed by Parliament in
January, took effect. The act ordered that religious
services be consistent throughout the country, using Thomas
Cranmer’s Book of Common Prayer.
Jeanne d’Albret, Protestant queen of Navarre, died (b. 7
January 1528). She was a defender of the Huguenots and the
mother of King Henry IV.
Swedish Lutheran Church at Wicaco (Philadelphia) opened.
Madame Guyon, a mystic who served as an inspiration to
French bishop Francois Fenelon, died (b. 13 April 1648,
James Edward Oglethorpe (1696–1785)
received a royal charter for the formation of the American
colony of Georgia. The colony was to be a place of refuge
for persecuted Protestant sects in England as well as for
the law-abiding poor. Among those who settled in the colony
soon after was a group of Salzburg Lutherans.
John Carroll (1735–1815), the
first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States, was named
superior of the American mission by Pope Pius VI.
Robert Robinson died (b. 27 September 1735). Robinson
was an English Calvinist clergyman who was converted to the
Christian faith in 1755 following three years of turmoil
after hearing George Whitefield preach.
Carey, pathfinder in England for modern missions, died
in Serampore, India (b. 17 August 1761).
1846 Pope Gregory
XVI died (b. at Belluno, then in the Venetian territory,
8 September 1765).
Anders Haldorsen Gjevre, Norwegian Lutheran pastor and
missionary to the Jews, was born in Vang, Valdres, Norway
(d. 29 April 1930).
Gustaf Dalman, German Lutheran scholar of Old Testament
and rabbinics, was born in Silesia (d. 19 August 1941). [German
William Ellis, missionary to the South Seas, died (b. 29
August 1794, London).
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Queensland, Australia, was
Emily Tubman of the southern United States died (b. 21
1899 A preliminary meeting for organizing
Slovak Synod was held at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
Gjermund Hoyme, Norwegian American Lutheran leader and
pastor, died (b. 8 October 1847, Valdres, Norway).
Carrie Nation (b. 25 November 1846), American temperance
Norwegian Lutheran Church of America was organized.
Reuter, hymnist and musician, died in New Ulm, Minnesota
(b. 11 October 1863).
Charles Scaer, professor at Saint John's College
(Winfield, Kansas), died (b. 11 October 1857, Convoy, near
Van Wert, Ohio).
Jan Kvacala, Slovak Lutheran historian, died (b. 1862).
1947 Roland Allen,
missiologist, died (b. 1868).