Patriarch Photius I (ca. 820–893)
of Constantinople was condemned by a Roman synod and later
by a general council at Constantinople. But the various
rulers of the area began choosing up sides, leading toward
the split of the Eastern and Western churches within the
next two hundred years.
Agricola, cantor of Magdeburg, died (b. 6 January 1486,
first presbytery in Ireland was formed at Carrickfergus
when the Scottish army was sent to Ireland to quell a
1692 Bridget Bishop became the first of
nineteen suspected witches hanged during the
Salem witch trials.
François Fénelon (1651–1715)
was consecrated archbishop of Cambrai, one of the richest
and most important sees in France.
Johann Abraham Peter Schulz, German musician and
composer, died at Schwedt an der Oder (b. 31 March 1747).
1809 Pope Pius
VII (1740–1823) excommunicated
Napoleon, who had seized papal lands.
Otto Hermann Walther (1809–1841),
brother of C. F. W. Walther, was installed as pastor at
Trinity Lutheran Church (Saint Louis).
Eduard Raimund Baierlein (1819–1901),
missionary to the Chippewas (Ojibwa) in Michigan as well as
to the country of India, arrived in Frankenmuth, Michigan,
to begin his work there.
Edward Traill Horn, professor and president of the
Pennsylvania Ministerium, was born in Easton, Pennsylvania
(d. 4 March 1915).
1850 The American Bible
Union was founded, organized by Baptists who had seceded
from the American and Foreign Bible Society.
James Augustine Healy (1830–1900)
was ordained the first African American priest in Notre Dame
1862 Herman Adolph Polack, son of the Rev.
W. G. Polack and Maria Elizabeth, née Hans, was born
in Crete Township, Will County, Illinois. He was educated at
the Missouri State Normal School, Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
He married Wilhelmina Henrietta Stohs at Bremen, Kansas, 12
February 1885. He taught public school in East Saint Louis,
Illinois, then became a Lutheran parochial school teacher,
serving schools in Saint Louis, Missouri; Wausau, Wisconsin;
Cleveland, Ohio; and other places. He was an accomplished
organist, composer and choir director. Together with H. Ilse
he served on the music committee of the Evangelical
Hymnbook (1912). He died at Lakewood, Ohio, 25
April 1930. [The Handbook to the
comp. W. G. Polack (Saint Louis: CPH, 1942): 561]
Friedrich A. G. Tholuck, German Lutheran Bible scholar
and theologian, died (b. 30 March 1799).
1888 Herman Harms was born in Zahrenholz,
Hanover, Germany (d. 11 March 1978, Waukegan, Illinois).
From 1902 to 1908 he attended Concordia College and Seminary
of the Hermannsburger Freikirche in Uelzen, Germany. He then
came to America and graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1909. He served as vice-president and president of
the Iowa District of the Missouri Synod, president of the
Iowa District East and vice-president of the synod.
1909 Unitarian minister, author and
Everett Hale died (b. 3 April 1822).
William H. Cummings (b. 22 August 1831), famed English
musicologist and composer, died.
1919 The Slovak
Zion Synod was organized at Braddock, Pennsylvania by
nineteen pastors, most of whom had recently arrived from
Czechoslovakia. It entered the United Lutheran Church of
America in 1920.
Norwegian Synod of the American Evangelical Lutheran Church
was incorporated at its third synodical meeting, held in
Fairview Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
O. Excell (b. 13 December 1851), American hymn writer,
United Church of Canada came into being with its
inaugural service, uniting the Methodist and Presbyterian
churches of Canada.
von Harnack, German theologian and church historian,
died (b. 7 May 1851, Dorpat [Tartu]).
1937 The first ministerial candidates
graduated from the Missouri Synod's Hankow, China, seminary.
1953 The East German Communist government
announced that its attack on churches was over. It had tried
repeatedly to force youths to renounce the Lutheran Junge
Gemeinde, but hundreds bravely refused.
Walter Guenther Tillmanns, professor at Wartburg
Seminary (Dubuque, Iowa), died (b. 16 November 1913,
1978 August C. Rehwaldt, professor
emeritus of Concordia College (Portland, Oregon), died in
Portland (b. 7 September 1896, Valparaiso, Indiana).
Rehwaldt taught for thirty-four years at Concordia College
(Milwaukee) and for ten years at the Portland school.
1983 The United Presbyterian Church (U.P.C.U.S.A.)
and the Southern Presbyterian Church (P.C.U.S.) reunited in
Atlanta, Georgia, forming the
Presbyterian Church (USA). The merged church body had
three million members. The two groups had separated 122
years before because of the American Civil War.