1215 The Magna Carta
was signed by King John at Runnymede, England, under
pressure from nobles. It ensured the basic rights for his
Pope Alexander IV (ca. 1199–1261)
Aquinas (ca. 1225–1274) to be
admitted as a doctor of theology. Rivalry between Catholic
orders had led universities to resist.
Tauler, German mystic and powerful preacher, died (b.
ca. 1300, b. Strasbourg).
Domine (a "Bull against the Errors of Luther and
His Followers") was issued by Pope Leo X, condemning Martin
Luther as a heretic.
1530 Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V (1500–1558) arrived
in Augsburg and requested that the Lutheran princes summoned
to the diet there participate in a Corpus Christi procession
the following day. The Lutherans flatly refused. Charles V
then repeated his ban on evangelical preaching.
1648 The first witchcraft trial in
Massachusetts resulted in the hanging of
Margaret Jones of Charlestown, Massachusetts.
1686 The first Church of England
congregation in Boston was established (Boston’s King’s
Chapel). The Puritans had been reluctant to allow forms
of worship other than their own.
Baxter, pastor and writer, is commemorated (1615–1691).
Karl Heinrich von Bogatzky, poet and hymnist, died (b. 7
September 1690, Silesia).
William Nast, founder of German Methodism, was born at
Stuttgart, Wurttemberg (d. 16 May 1899).
David Henkel, North Carolina Lutheran pioneer, pastor
and missionary in Kentucky, Indiana and Missouri, died (b. 4
H. Grieg, Norwegian composer, was born at Bergen, Norway
(d. 4 September 1907, Bergen, Norway).
1862 Tiyo Soga’s
(1829–1871) African church opened.
Sigurd Christian Ylvisaker, professor at various
Lutheran colleges, was born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 26
John Ellerton, Anglican clergyman and hymnist, died (b.
16 December 1826).
1904 The worst disaster in New York City
history prior to 11 September 2001 took place. The
paddlewheel excursion boat General
Slocum caught fire while filled with people on a picnic
excursion. Many of them were members of Saint Mark
Evangelical Lutheran Church. Over 1,000 people died in the
fire or drowned in the river.
1915 Theodor Oehler, director of the Basel
Mission, died in Basel (b. 1850). He served in Leonberg from
1878 to 1884, when he became inspector at Basel. In 1889 he
visited India, China and other countries.
1916 President Woodrow Wilson signed a
bill that incorporated the Boy
Scouts of America.
Dorothy Frances Bloomfield Gurney, hymnist, died at
Notting Hill, London, England (b. 4 October 1858, Finsbury
Circus, London, England).
Underhill, theologian and mystic, died (b. 6 December
Hans Andreas Stub, long-time Seattle pastor, died (b. 18
May 1879, Koshkonong, Wisconsin).
1978 The Lutheran Church Extension Fund (LCEF) was
incorporated as a Missouri nonprofit corporation.
1985 Elmer Christian Zimmermann died in
Saint Louis, Missouri. He graduated from Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) in 1928 and served as a missionary to China.
Later he was a professor at the Saint Louis seminary and a
pastor in Adair, Iowa. He was secretary of the China Mission
General Conference and author of various Chinese books. He
retired in 1971.