325 The closing session of the
Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council in the
history of the church, took place.
monks were butchered by Henry VIII at Tyburn. They were among
those who rejected Henry's claim to headship of the English
church. Their bishop was butchered June 22 of the same year.
James I of England (James VI of Scotland) was born (d.
27 March 1625).
Pascal, mathematician, scientist and religious thinker,
was born in Clermont, France (d. 19 August 1662).
Phillipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrant theologian, was
born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 30 April 1712).
John Ernst Gutwasser, the first Lutheran pastor in
America, was sent back to Holland.
H. Spurgeon, noted English Baptist orator and preacher,
was born in Essex, England (d. 31 January 1892).
Henry Adeney Redpath, English Old Testament scholar, was
born (d. 1908).
1848 Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady
Stanton organized the
first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, New
1869 Henry C. Gaertner, professor at
Concordia Teachers College (River Forest, Illinois), was
born in Ida, Monroe County, Michigan (d. 7 March 1952,
Forest Park, Illinois). He graduated from the Missouri Synod
teachers seminary at Addison, Illinois, in 1891 and served
as a teacher in Detroit, Michigan; Buffalo, New York; and
again in Detroit before joining the River Forest faculty in
1921. His primary field was music.
James Allen Brown, professor at Newbury College and
Gettysburg Seminary and president of the General Synod, died
(b. 19 February 1821, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, of
1888 Arthur E. Kunzmann was born in
Stillwater, Minnesota (d. 29 February 1984, Douglass,
Kansas). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis)
in 1912 and served as a pastor at Dunksburg and Knob Noster,
Missouri; a professor at Immanuel Lutheran College
(Greensboro, North Carolina); and a professor at Saint
John's College (Winfield, Kansas) from 1920 to 1958.
Julius Henry Bodensieck was born in Hameln, Germany (d.
28 April 1986).
Lord Acton, English Parliamentarian, Catholic thinker
and historian, died (b. 10 January 1834).
Solomon Erb Ochsenford, General Council professor and
author, died (b. 8 November 1855 near New Hanover, Douglass
Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania).
1953 The Missouri Synod authorized mission
work in Korea.
William P. Merrill, American Presbyterian clergyman,
author and hymnist, died (b. 10 January 1867, Orange, New
1977 Pope Paul VI canonized the
John Nepomucene Neumann (1811–1860),
fourth Bishop of Philadelphia, who was known for his
development of the parochial school. Neumann became the
first American male to achieve sainthood in the Catholic
1979 Oscar J. Naumann, president of the
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, died in Milwaukee,
1987 The U.S. Supreme Court in
Edwards v. Aguillard struck down a Louisiana law
requiring public schools to teach creationism if they taught