Benedict XII (ca. 1280–1342)
issued the encyclical Summi Magistri in an effort to
correct abuses that had crept into the Catholic church. It
reconstituted the ancient religious order of the
Benedictines and remained in effect until the Council of
1530 The Diet of
Augsburg was officially opened by emperor Charles V
(1500–1558), who called the
meeting to deal with the growing religious schism between
the followers of Martin Luther and the Roman Church.
1599 The Synod of
Diamper, held on coast of southwest India, reunited the
Indian church with Rome.
Adolph Brorson, hymnist, was born near Ribe and Toender,
Denmark (d. 3 June 1764).
Anna Laetitia Barbauld, hymnist, was born in Kibworth,
Leicestershire, England (d. 9 March 1825, Newington Green,
Charles Coffin, French Roman Catholic hymnist, died (b.
4 October 1676).
Dorothy Ann Thrupp, English hymn writer, was born in
London (d. 14 December 1847, Saint Marylebone, Middlesex,
Isaak August Dorner, Lutheran theologian, was born in
Wuerttemberg (d. 8 July 1884).
Charles T. Brooks, hymn translator, was born in Salem,
Massachusetts (d. 14 June 1883).
Gerhard Heinrich Jäbker, a
charter member of the Missouri Synod, died (b. 13 November
1821, Wimmern, Hannover, Germany).
Samuel R. Brown, missionary to China and Japan and a
Bible translator, died (b. 16 June 1810).
Olive Dorothy Gruen, missionary to China, was born in
Saint Louis (d. 11 May 1963).
1885 A band of Moravian missionaries
landed on the shores of Alaska and founded the
Wilhelm Julius Mann, a leading theologian and founder of
the General Council, died (b. 29 May 1819).
Socrates Henkel, publisher of Lutheran books, died (b.
22 March 1823 near Conover, North Carolina, the son of David
Joseph Augustus Seiss, hymn translator and founder of
the General Council, died (b. 18 March 1823 in or near
Graceham, Frederick County, Maryland, of Moravian parents).
1917 The General Synod approved the plan
to merge with the General Council and the United Synod in
the South to form the
United Lutheran Church in America. The union took place
Archbishop Josef Beran’s (1888–1969)
resistance letter on church/state relations was read in the
pulpits of Czechoslovakia.
Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office (Rome) declared
Czechoslovakia's Catholic Action Movement schismatic and
excommunicated all who participated in this