Third Ecumenical Council opened in Saint Mary's church
in Ephesus (first council of Ephesus). Convoked by
Theodosius II, it concerned the Nestorian Controversy, which
held that Christ was two separate persons rather than one
person with two natures.
1535 The staunch Roman Catholic John
Fisher (b. ca. 1469) was beheaded at the Tower of
London. He was the only bishop who did not sign a document
that declared Henry VIII of England's marriage to Catherine
of Aragon unlawful.
1559 Queen Elizabeth’s
Prayer Book was issued (a revision of Second Prayer Book
of Edward VI). Both prayer books were Protestant in
Henry, non-conformist English Presbyterian pastor at
Chester and Hackney, died (b. 18 October 1662).
1750 New England colonial preacher Jonathan
Edwards (1703–1758) was
dismissed from his pulpit in the Congregational Church in
Northampton, Massachusetts after serving there twenty-three
August Friedrich Kemmerer, missionary to India, was born
in Wusterhausen, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 22 October 1837).
Raikes (1736–1811) started the
first Sunday school.
Nathan Brown, Baptist missionary to India and Japan who
translated the Bible and other works into native languages,
was born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire (d. 1 January 1886).
Mills Dodd, missionary to Jews and Armenians, was born
(d. 20 August 1865).
Sheldon Dibble, missionary to Hawaii, died (b. 26
William Walford (b. 1772), English Congregational
clergyman and religious writer, died.
Martin Louis Ernest Luecke, professor and president of
Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana), was born in
Sheboygan County, Wisconsin (d. 13 April 1926).
1870 A committee of twenty-seven members
began its work of translating the New Testament. This
translation became the Revised
Version, a revision of the King James Version of the
Bible. It was published in 1881, and the Old Testament was
completed in 1885.
Lydia Baxter (b. 2 September 1809), American Baptist lay
worker and hymn writer, died.
1897 American Evangelical Lutheran Mission
Hospital, Guntur, India, opened. The women's hospital was
renamed in 1930 for medical missionary
Anna Sarah Kugler (1856–1930).
1937 Carl Ross, professor at Concordia
College (Milwaukee), died (b. 30 September 1857, Doberan,
Mecklenburg-Schwerin). He came to the U.S. with his family
in 1870 and attended Concordia College (Fort Wayne,
Indiana). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis)
in 1878 and served as a pastor at Town Arlington (1878–1886)
and Willow Creek (1886–1890),
Minnesota. He was vice-president of the Minnesota and Dakota
District of the LCMS. In 1890 he was called to the chair of
ancient history and classics at Concordia College
(Milwaukee, Wisconsin), where he served for thirty-six
years. In 1913 he was called to succeed the sainted Dr.
Georg Stoeckhardt at the Saint Louis seminary but decided to
remain in Milwaukee. In 1923 the Saint Louis faculty awarded
him a doctorate.
1957 Immanuel Hospital, Mambisanda, New
Olaf Morgan Norlie, Lutheran professor and historian,
died (b. 11 January 1876).
Takakwitha (1656–1680) was
beatified, the first American Indian so honored by the Roman