Augsburg Confession, an explanation of the position and
beliefs of the Lutherans, was being finalized by Philipp
Melanchthon into the wee hours of the night for presentation
the next day.
Peace of Vienna granted toleration to Protestants within
the Holy Roman Empire.
1683 English Quaker William Penn
(1644–1718), an advocate of peace
and religious toleration, signed a treaty with the Indians
of Pennsylvania. Voltaire said the agreement was "the only
treaty never sworn to and never broken."
Medley, Baptist clergyman and hymnist, was born in
Hertfordshire, England (d. 17 July 1799).
1780 A British advance on
Springfield, New Jersey, was stopped by American troops,
who had to use hymnal pages from the First Presbyterian
Church for gun wadding.
J. E. Renan’s (1823–1892)
Vie de Jesus (Life of Christ) was published. It raised
an immediate storm. Atheists said it did not go far enough
in stripping veneration from the person of Christ. Believers
deplored its denial of Christ's divinity.
1873 Dan Beach
Bradley, pioneer medical missionary to Thailand (Siam),
died in Bangkok (b. 18 July 1804, Marcellus, New York).
1886 The United Synod of the Evangelical
Lutheran Church in the South was organized by the synods
belonging to the General Synod South, the Holston Synod and
the Tennessee Synod. In 1918 is merged with the General
Synod (1820–1918) and the General
Council (1867–1918) to form the
United Lutheran Church in America (1918–1962).
Hofmann, painter of New Testament subjects, died (b. 19
March 1824, Darmstadt, Germany).
1917 The General Synod approved a plan to
unite with the General Council.
Emily D. Wilson (b. 24 May 1865), American Methodist
pastor's wife and talented songwriter, died.
Theodore Engelder, professor at Concordia Theological
Seminary (Springfield, Illinois, 1914–1926)
and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis, 1926–1936),
died (b. 21 January 1865, Olean, New York).