The Nativity of Saint John the Baptist
64 Roman Emperor Nero
(AD 37–68) began persecuting
Johannes Bugenhagen was born in Wolin, Pomerania (d. 20
Johannes Brenz was born in Weil der Stadt, near
Stuttgart, Germany (d. 11 September 1570, Stuttgart).
Beza, French-born Swiss reformer and one of the great
statesmen of the Reformation, was born at Vezelay in
Burgundy (d. 13 October 1605).
1530 The Lutherans were scheduled to be
heard at the Diet of
Augsburg. The original plan was to treat only the abuses
of the Roman Catholic Church, basing their strictures on the
Torgau, Schwabach and Marburg Articles, chiefly written by
Martin Luther. But when Johann Eck's work condemning the
Lutherans appeared, Philipp Melanchthon enlarged his work in
preparation for reading it to the Reichstag on the 24th.
When it grew too late on the 24th, the reading was postponed
until the next day.
radical Anabaptist regime of Münster
1542 Roman Catholic reformer, mystic and
poet John of
the Cross was born in Spain (d. 14 December 1591).
1548 Johannes Brenz (see above) narrowly
escaped arrest during the
Schmalkaldic War. He was hidden in various castles.
Xavier (1506–1552), Jesuit
missionary to Asia, embarked for Japan from Malaysia.
1579 The first English religious service
was held in the Americas. Francis Fletcher, sailing with Sir
Francis Drake (ca. 1540–1596),
read from the Book of Common Prayer in California. The spot
is marked with a granite cross, and the day is observed by
1615 Mass was celebrated for the first
time in Canada (near today's Montreal).
Daniel (1601–1648), a Jesuit,
arrived in Quebec. He was martyred by Iroquois forces.
Johann Albrecht Bengel, post-Reformation theologian, was
born (d. 2 November 1752).
German pietists landed in Philadelphia, bringing their
brand of revival Lutheranism to the colony.
Eric Tobias Björk, early
Swedish-American pastor, arrived in America (ca. 1668–1740).
Oswald Allen, hymnist, was born at Gayle, Wensleydale,
Yorkshire, England (d. 31 October 1804).
J. Webb, American sacred music organist, was born near
Salisbury, England (d. 7 October 1887, Orange, New Jersey).
Ward Beecher, American Congregational clergyman, was
born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 8 March 1887).
Karl August Johannes Fritschel, professor at Wartburg
College for over fifty years, was born in Saint Sebald, Iowa
(d. 23 August 1943).
1904 The Missouri Synod’s Brazil
District was organized.
1917 Orville J. Nave, U.S. Armed Forces
chaplain and editor of Nave’s Topical Bible, died (b. 1841).
1934 Women of the Westphalian Auxiliary in
Germany proclaimed their allegiance to the Barmen Declaration, which rejected certain Nazi claims.
1984 Harry Barr, an active layman in the
Missouri Synod, died (b. 15 January 1906). He served as vice-chairman of the
Board of Directors of the synod, chairman of the Operating
Committee of the International Lutheran Hour, president of
the International Lutheran Layman's League, a member of the
Board of Directors of Concordia Publishing House and a
member of the Board of Trustees of Valparaiso University.