the Apostate died (b. 331, Constantinople). He was Roman
emperor from 361 to 363.
Benedict II was consecrated as pope (d. 6 May 685). A
humble, charitable man, he was successful in freeing the
papal elections from the requirement of imperial
1097 The armies of the First
Crusade occupied the ancient Byzantine city of Nicaea
(the modern village of Iznik, in northwest Turkey).
The Papacy at Rome, a pamphlet by Luther, was
published on this date. It presented his teaching on the
Christian Church, namely, that "the Church in the real sense
of the word is the whole number of all believers."
Emperor Charles V (1500–1558)
joined forces with Pope Paul III against Luther's followers.
Doddridge, English Nonconformist clergyman, was born in
London (d. 26 October 1751).
1832 Johann Paul Beyer was born in Bavaria
(d. 19 January 1905, Brooklyn, New York). He came to America
in 1849 and moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana, to attend the
seminary there. Later he moved to Saint Louis to attend
Concordia Seminary until 1853. He was ordained on 7 October
1855, and his first parish was in Memphis, Tennessee. He was
also a pastor in Altenburg, Missouri; Chicago, Illinois;
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Brooklyn, New York. He was
named secretary of the Synodical Conference in 1872 and
became president of Eastern District of the Missouri Synod
in 1875, serving until 1888. He was elected vice-president
of the Missouri Synod in 1893, an office he held for six
years. He was founder and editor of Lutherisches
(later Lutherisches Kinder- und Jugendblatt) and
wrote Der Brief St. Pauli an die Epheser in Predigten.
Frederick Henry Quitman, president of the New York
Ministerium, died (b. 7 August 1760, Iserlohn, Duchy of
Cleves, Westphalia, near the lower Rhine).
Jeremiah Franklin Ohl, social work missionary, was born
in Cherryvale, Northampton County, Pennsylvania (d. 21
1892 Pearl S.
Buck, American Presbyterian missionary to China and
author of the best-seller The Good Earth (1931),
was born (d. 6 March 1973).
Augustus Hay, president of the General Synod, died (b.
11 February 1821).
Finnish National Synod was organized.
Heinrich Bornkamm, Lutheran historical scholar, was born
in Saxony, Germany (d. 1977).
1924 Concordia Lutheran Seminary in
Nagercoil, India, opened.
1934 Two religious bodies with Swiss and
German roots—the Evangelical Synod
of North America and the Reformed Church in the U.S.—merged
in Cleveland, Ohio, to form the
Evangelical and Reformed Church. The Reformed Church in
the U.S. was organized in 1725 by John Philip Boehm in
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. The Evangelical Synod of
North America was organized in 1840 in Saint Louis County