VII (Hildebrand, ca. 1020–1085;
pope, 1073–1085) was consecrated.
His reign was marked by continual skirmishing with
Emperor Henry IV (1050–1108).
1315 According to tradition,
Raymond Lully (Ramon Llull, b. 1232), Spanish mystic,
scholar and missionary to Muslims, was stoned to death in
Elector John Frederick of Saxony was born at Torgau,
Prussia (d. 3 March 1554).
Reuchlin, German humanist and professor of Greek and
Hebrew, died (b. 29 January 1455, Pforzheim).
to the Heedless Winds” was written by Martin Luther to
commemorate the martyrdom of two young Augustinian monks,
Heinrich Voes and Johann Esch, who were burned at the stake
in Brussels on this date.
Margarethe Luther, mother of the Reformer, died (b.
1548 The Augsburg
Interim was issued.
1632 Gustavus Adolphus signed the charter
University of Dorpat (Tartu) in Latvia.
Adam Krieger, organist and composer, died in Dresden (b.
Johann Heinrich Schröder,
hymnist, died at Meseberg (near Neuhaldensleben; b. 4
October 1667, Hallerspringe [later called Springe],
Ottomar Fuerbringer was born in Gera, Thuringia (d. 12
1817 The Prussian government replaced the
name “Protestant” with “Evangelical,”
giving rise to a common attribution for the church.
Edward J. Hopkins, composer, was born at Westminster,
London, England (d. 4 February 1901, London).
Olof Wallin, Archbishop of Uppsala and hymn writer, died
in Uppsala (b. 1779).
1852 The New York
John Daniel Kurtz, chairman of the organizational
meeting of the General Synod, died (b. 30 March 1764
[1763?], Germantown, Pennsylvania).
John Hands, missionary to India, died (b. 5 December
1780, Roade, Northamptonshire, England).
1870 The Old Testament Company began its
work in England of translating the Old Testament. The New
Testament Company began work on the New Testament on 22 June
1870. The complete translation, finished in 1884, became the
Revised Version, an updated KJV of the Bible.
1872 Henry Strachan, founder of the Latin
America Mission (founded in 1921 in Stony Brook, New
York), was born (d. 1945).
Jesuit Order was expelled from France by
Herman Edward Ernest Meyer, Wisconsin Synod professor,
was born in Caledonia, Racine County, Wisconsin (d. 4 April
1881 Presbyterian preacher and African
Henry Highland Garnet (1815–1882)
was appointed ambassador to Liberia.
World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship
through the Churches was dissolved.
1957 The Czech Central Committee of the
Communist Party was told in its 30 June session that
religious superstition (i.e., Christianity) was still
influencing party members.
Immanuel Lutheran College (Greensboro, North Carolina)
1963 Italian Cardinal Giovanni Battista
Montini (1897–1978) was crowned Pope Paul VI
at Vatican City.
Rosa Jinsey Young, pioneer African American Lutheran
educator, died (b. 14 May 1890, Rosebud, Alabama).
1973 The Far East
Broadcasting Company began broadcasting from HLAZ, its
first radio station, in Korea.