371 Martin of
Tours (316/317–397) was
consecrated against his will.
(399–453) was proclaimed Augusta of
the empire. She fought
Nestorianism and convoked the
Council of Chalcedon.
Benedict V died.
993 The first official Roman Catholic
of Augsburg (890–973), was
named. Before this, saints were selected “by chance.” To
formalize the system, the church established rules of
canonization, Ulrich being the first thus selected.
1415 Pope Gregory
XII abdicated so that a fresh election might be made and
Western Schism (1378–1417) could be ended.
1519 The second session of the
Leipzig Debate, between
and Martin Luther, began and continued through July 13 or
Gustavus Adolphus (1594–1632)
of Sweden landed in Germany as he came to the aid of German
Lutherans during the Thirty Years’ War.
Daniel, a Jesuit who taught the Hurons many hymns in
their own language, was martyred by the Iroquois (b. 27 May
Christian F. Gellert, hymnist, was born at Hanichen in
the Saxon Harz (d. 13 December 1769).
Cennick (b. 12 December 1718), English clergyman and
1776 The Continental Congress, comprising
delegates sent by the legislatures of the thirteen colonies,
approved the formal wording of the
Declaration of Independence, and the document was
Johann Georg Burger, a pastor involved in the efforts
leading to the founding of the Missouri Synod, was born in
Noerdlingen, Bavaria (d. 26 March 1847).
Foster, musician, was born (d. 13 January 1864).
1826 Presidents John Adams and Thomas
1831 (or 1832) The patriotic hymn “America,”
written by Baptist clergyman
Samuel Francis Smith (1808–1895),
was first sung at worship services (at Park Street Church in
Boston, Massachusetts). Smith had taken the tune from a
German songbook and was unaware that it was also the tune of
the British national anthem, “God Save the King (Queen).”
James McGranahan, American sacred music song writer and
music pioneer, was born in Adamsville, Pennsylvania (d. 9
François-René, vicomte de Chateaubriand, died (b. 4
September 1768). Originally a skeptical French historian, he
converted to Christianity at his mother's death and wrote
The Genius of Christianity to defend
Christianity against the French Revolution.
James Moffatt, New Testament scholar, was born in
Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1944).
1878 Missionary to African Americans J. F.
Doescher, having completed his first survey for the
missionary board of the Synodical Conference, returned to
Altenburg, Missouri. The breakthrough had been made and in
the 1880s the work expanded into Virginia and North and
South Carolina. It was intensified during the 1890s, and
four African American clergy members of the Alpha Synod joined the
Synodical Conference. These were David J. Kootz, Samuel
Haupt, Nathan Clapp and William Filo Phier. The addition of
Rosa J. Young and her work in Alabama in 1916 added
significantly to the interest and support within the
Synodical Conference for the work. Miss Young personally
raised the funds to operate the Rosebud Literary and
Industrial School, which was later turned over to the
mission board as its first station in the Alabama field.
Following World War I, as people migrated out of the South,
Synodical Conference work among African Americans spread
throughout the country. The centennial of this work was
celebrated in 1977.
1880 John Nicolas Henry Jahn, president of
Seminario Concordia, Porto Alegre, Brazil, was born in
Mishawaka, Indiana (d. 7 September 1942). He graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1905 and served as a
pastor in Copenhagen, Denmark; as an assistant professor at
Concordia College (Bronxville, New York); as a pastor in
Bloomfield, New Jersey, and as president of the Porto Alegre
seminary from 1925 to 1936. He received a Ph.D. from
Bethany Indian Mission and Industrial School was
dedicated for the Winnebago Indians at Wittenberg,
Wisconsin, by the Norwegian Lutheran Church in America.
1952 Luther's Small Catechism was
published in Japan.
1984 Martin August Haendschke died at
Seward, Nebraska (b. 23 October 1914, Milwaukee, Wisconsin).
He graduated from Concordia College (Milwaukee) in 1934 and
from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1938. He served
parishes in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Michigan and
Missouri before teaching at Concordia College (Milwaukee)
from 1964 to 1975. He then taught at Concordia Seminary
(Saint Louis) until his death. He earned a doctor of
theology degree from the Saint Louis seminary in 1961 and
also had a doctorate from Marquette University. He was a licensed psychologist.