a Bohemian reformer, was condemned and burned at the stake
for heresy (b. ca. 1370).
1439 An agreement on various teachings by
the Eastern and Western churches was signed and promulgated. The Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics signed the
Decree of Union at the
Council of Florence (Basel), creating an official union
between the two churches. Popular sentiment in
Constantinople was against the decree, and when the city was
captured by the Turks, the union ceased. However, the
council’s definition of doctrine and its principles of
church union (unity of faith, diversity of rite) have been
used in subsequent church talks.
Thomas More, Lord Chancellor of England, was executed
for treason (b. 7 February 1478).
Edward VI of England died (b. 12 October 1537). His
reign saw the transformation of the
Anglican Church into a recognizably Protestant body
with, among other things, the development of the first
Book of Common Prayer.
Justus Gesenius, theologian, hymnist and hymnal editor,
was born in Essbeck, Hanover (d. 1673).
Johann Ernestus Gutwasser, Lutheran pastor, arrived in
McKendree, colonial American Methodist bishop, was born
in King William County, Virginia (d. 5 March 1835).
Johann Andreas Rothe, hymnist, died in Thommendorf, near
Bunzlau (b. 12 May 1688).
Cowper (1731–1800) published
“God Moves in a Mysterious Way,” written perhaps in response
to an attack of “suicidal mania,” which affected Cowper
throughout his life.
Sharp (b. 10 September 1735), English abolitionist,
H. Sammis, American Presbyterian clergyman and hymnist,
was born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 12 June 1919).
James Stewart (1831–1905)
sailed from Southampton to South Africa on the
Celt. In South Africa, he founded an important
training center for African Christians.
1879 Henry Thomas
Smart, composer, died in London (b. 26 October 1813).
George Duffield Jr., hymnist, died at Bloomfield, New
Jersey (b. 12 September 1818).
J. Andreas Saupert, Loehe missionary to the U.S. who
founded many congregations in the Evansville, Indiana, area,
died in Evansville, Indiana (b. 1822).
Oluf Hanson Smeby, hymn translator, died in Albert Lea,
Minnesota (b. 31 January 1851, Rock County, Wisconsin).
Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in the “Secret
Annexe” above her father's office in an Amsterdam
1988 Adolf F. Meyer died (b. 1899). He
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). From 1923
to 1967 he was a member of the Board of Directors of the
American Lutheran Publicity Bureau of New York City. Also,
from 1926 to 1948 he served as chairman of the LCMS’s “press