431 Nestorius was officially condemned by
the Third Ecumenical
Council of Ephesus.
Antony of the Caves, founder of Russian monasticism, is
Canute (Knud) IV, also known as Canute the Saint, king
and patron saint of Denmark, was killed by his subjects (b.
1509 John Calvin,
reformer, was born (d. 27 May 1564).
1629 The first non-Separatist
Congregational Church in America was established in Salem,
Massachusetts. It was founded by Francis
Higginson (1588–1630) and
Samuel Skelton, two newly arrived ministers from England.
Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, the
first German Lutheran missionary to India, was born in
Pulsnitz, Saxony (d. 23 February 1719).
John C. F. Heyer, Lutheran missionary from America to
India, was born in Helmstedt, Germany (d. 7 November 1873).
Benjamin F. Baker, American editor of choir and chorus
books, was born (d. 1889).
John George Lochman, president of the General Synod,
died (b. 2 December 1773).
Friedrich Reinhold Eduard Preuss, professor at Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) who later became a Roman Catholic,
was born in Koenigsberg, Prussia (d. 17 July 1904).
August Lawrence Graebner, professor of history at
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), was born in Frankentrost,
Michigan (d. 7 December 1904).
1851 The California Wesleyan College was
chartered in Santa Clara, California, under Methodist
auspices. It was named the University of the Pacific in
1852, transferred to San Jose, California, in 1871, merged
with Napa College of Napa, California, in 1896, and was
renamed the College of the Pacific in 1911. The main campus
moved to Stockton, California, in 1924, and the college
readopted the name
University of the Pacific in 1961.
Clement Clarke Moore (b. 15 July 1779), American writer and
educator, died. He is best remembered as the author of “A
Visit from St. Nicholas” (“Twas the Night Before Christmas”)
Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America was organized
in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Arthur Johann Conrad Brunn, vice-president of the
Missouri Synod, was born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 27 August
Eduard Thurneysen, Swiss Protestant theologian, was born
at Wallenstaat, Switzerland (d. 21 August 1977).
John H. Baden, mission leader and editor, died (b. 20
Karl Heinrich Christian Plath, Lutheran promoter of
missions, died in Berlin, Germany (b. 1829).
1908 Phoebe Palmer
Knapp (b. 9 March 1839), active American lay Methodist,
Christian Johann Albrecht, founder of Martin Luther
College (New Ulm, Minnesota), died (b. 13 July 1847).
1925 Jury selection began in the trial of
Scopes (1900–1970), a trial
over teaching evolution that would define and motivate the
Fundamentalist movement, in Dayton, Tennessee.