1054 Church legates of the Roman pope
marched into the church of Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of
Constantinople, and placed a bull on the altar
excommunicating him. It was the beginning of the
Great East-West Schism between the Western Roman
Catholics and the Eastern Orthodox.
Gregory IX (ca. 1143–1241),
who greatly favored the new mendicant religious orders, the
Franciscans and the Dominicans, canonized Francis
of Assisi (1181–1226).
1505 Martin Luther celebrated with his
friends before officially entering the monastery.
Leipzig Debate, in which Luther argued that church
councils had been wrong and that the church did not have
ultimate doctrinal authority, concluded.
Gryphius, hymnist and Silesian poet, died at Glogau (b.
11 October 1616).
1769 Spanish Franciscan friar
Father Junípero Serra (1713–1784)
founded the San Diego de Alcala mission in California.
Johann Blumhardt, teacher at the Basel
missionary institution and pastor in Moettlingen who
reportedly cured people by prayer, was born in Stuttgart (d.
25 February 1880).
Howard E. Smith, American church organist and hymnist,
was born (d. 13 August 1918, Norwalk, Connecticut).
Ephraim Weston Clark, missionary to Hawaii and
Micronesia, died (b. 25 April 1799).
Manitoba [Lutheran] Synod was organized through the
efforts of the German Mission Board of the General Council.
1905 Lorenz A. Buuck was born in Van Wert
County, Ohio (d. 15 September 1993, Fort Wayne, Indiana). He
graduated from Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield,
Illinois) in 1930 and served as a missionary in China for
many years. He was also a pastor in Arcadia and Noblesville,
Indiana; Garfield and Ormsby, Minnesota; and Mattoon,
1914 The first Lutheran service was held
in the Kolar Gold Fields in India, at Samarajapet.
1929 C. C. Abbetmeyer, professor at
Concordia College (Saint Paul, Minnesota), died in
Watertown, Wisconsin (b. 19 August 1867, Bodenteich,
Hannover). He immigrated with his parents in 1873 to
Minnesota and studied at Northwestern College (Watertown,
Wisconsin) and at the Wisconsin Synod seminary there. He
served parishes in Wisconsin and Minnesota and then for
several years in a congregation of the English District of
the Missouri Synod in Baltimore, Maryland. He was a
professor of English language and literature at the Saint
Paul college for eighteen years and also taught briefly at
Valparaiso University. He had just accepted a call to
Northwestern College at the time of his death. He was the
author of The Pastor in the Sick-room, Sermons
on the Catechism, Daily Prayers and
Lutheran Forms for Sacred Acts. He edited Young
Lutherans’ Magazine for several years.
1931 Missionary C. T.
(Charles Thomas) Studd, one of the famous "Cambridge
Seven" and missionary to China, India and Africa, died (b. 2
Alfred Taylor Rygh, translator of Scandinavian hymns
into English, died (b. 21 March 1860).