431 The Council
of Ephesus adjourned. It was the third of seven
ecumenical councils of the church and was chiefly noted for
its condemnation of Nestorianism (which denied the real
unity of the divine and human natures in the Person of
Christ), defining Mary’s title as “Theotokos” (“Bearer of
God”) and condemning Pelagianism (the belief that human
nature could take the initial steps toward salvation by
self-effort, unaided by divine grace).
First Council of Lyon adjourned, having held three
sessions after convening on June 28.
Second Council of Lyon adjourned, having held six
sessions after convening on May 7. Lyons II achieved a
temporary reunification of Rome and the separated eastern
churches as well as issuing regulations for papal elections.
1505 Twenty-one year-old Martin Luther
presented himself to and
entered the monastery of the Augustinian Eremites in
de Las Casas, missionary to the Indies, priest and
defender of the oppressed, died (b. 24 August 1484).
1674 Isaac Watts,
pioneer in modern English hymnody, was born at Southampton,
England (d. 25 November 1748).
Johann Friedrich Starck, devotional writer and author of
a popular prayer book, died in Frankfurt am Main (b. 10
October 1680, Hildesheim). [German
John Christopher Hartwick, Lutheran pastor and
benefactor, died (b. 6 January 1714).
Medley, English hymnist, died at Liverpool (b. 23 June
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod was founded at
Solomon’s Church, Cove Creek, Green County, Tennessee by
Paul Henkel and Jacob Zink of Virginia.
William White (b. 4 April 1748), American patriarch of
the Protestant Episcopal Church, died.
1845 Franconian Lutherans under
August Friedrich Crämer (1812–1891)
arrived in Monroe, Michigan.
disastrous railroad accident near Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, took the lives of some sixty-six children
during a Sunday-school outing.
Oliver Allen, American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Missions missionary to India, died (b. 1800).
Friedrich Reinhold Eduard Preuss, professor at Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) who later became a Roman Catholic,
died (b. 10 July 1834).
1918 A planning meeting to form the
National Lutheran Council was held in Harrisburg,
Judson Wheeler Van DeVenter (b. 5 December 1855), American
Methodist evangelist and hymnist, died.
1942 The New
Tribes Mission was organized in both Los Angeles and
Chicago by Paul W. Fleming.
Evangeline Booth (b. 25 December 1865), Salvation
Army general, died.
1987 Ewald Justus Otto, pastor, died in
Quincy, Illinois (b. 14 August 1914). He graduated from
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1939. In 1940 he founded
Our Redeemer Lutheran Church (Quincy, Illinois), where he
served as pastor until his retirement in 1982. He served as
chairman of the Saint Louis seminary’s Board of Control
(Regents) from 1973 to 1986.