(1468–1549) issued the encyclical
Licet ab Inuito, which instituted the Congregation of
or the Holy Office. It was given the punitive powers of
censorship as the central authority for combating heresy.
(This is not to be confused with the
urged by King Ferdinand and approved by
[1414–1487] in 1478, which sought
to “convince” Spanish Jews of their heresy. Its unusual
cruelties and political overtones lingered into the early
Heinrich Held, hymnist, was born at Guhrau, Silesia (d.
16 August 1659).
(1705–1774) issued the bull
Dominus ac Redemptor, which suppressed the Jesuit Order.
Spanish Inquisition was restored.
Daniel March, American Congregational clergyman and
hymnist, was born at Millbury, Massachusetts (d. 2 March
Johann Jänicke, pastor of
Bethlehem Church, Berlin, died (b. 6 July 1748, Berlin). [German
Priscilla Jane Owens, American public school teacher and hymn writer,
was born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 5 December 1907,
Canada Synod was organized in Vaughan, Ontario, by the
Canada Conference of the Pittsburgh Synod, which had been
established in 1853 through the missionary efforts of G.
Bassler and C. P. Diehl.
1901 Paul Gustave Eckert was born in Mulhouse,
France (d. 19 November 1984, Saint Louis, Missouri). He
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1925 and
served parishes in Lester Prairie, Minnesota, and
Independence, Missouri, before serving as a missionary in
Trivandrum and Travancore, South India.
1910 Victor Louis Behnken, son of John W. and
Gertrude (Geisler) Behnken, was born (d. 8 March 1971, Palm
Springs, California). Mrs. Behnken died six days following
Victor’s birth. He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint
Louis) in 1932 and served parishes in Fort Worth, Texas, and
Orange, Laguna Beach and Palm Springs, California. He was
president of the Southern California District of the
Missouri Synod from 1955 to 1969. In 1969 he was elected
vice-president of the synod.
1925 Friedrich Dubpernell, president of the Canada
District of the LCMS, died (b. 3 May 1843, Arnweiler,
Bavaria). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis)
in 1865. His first parish was at Elmira, Ontario, also
serving at Floradale, Wellesley, Poole and Salem. He later
served Wallace, Logan, Petersburg, Sebringville and Wartburg
before spending twenty years as pastor at North East,
Pennsylvania. He last parish was at Desboro, Ontario, from
1908 to 1918. During his ministry he was involved in
founding parishes in the Ontario towns of Howick, Linwood,
Logan, Stratford, Tavistock, Maryborough and Listowill.
1925 Biology teacher
(1900–1970) was convicted of
teaching evolution in his Dayton, Tennessee, classroom. He
was fined $100.
Bill McChesney, American missionary to Africa, was born.
While serving in the Belgian Congo (modern Zaire) under the
Worldwide Evangelization Crusade, he was martyred by rebels
on 25 November 1964.
Markus Olaus Böckmann,
Norwegian Lutheran pastor and seminary president, died (b. 9
1954 Lutheran mission work was begun at Umalag,
1960 The Congress for Mission Catechetics was opened
in Eichstaedt, Germany, for the purpose of liturgical
renewal in the Roman Catholic church; it continued through