1253 Clare of
Assisi’s (1194–1253) rule for
the religious order the Poor Clares, modeled on the
Franciscan order, received papal approval.
1378 French bishops declared Urban VI’s
election as pope invalid. This began the great schism in
which two and then three popes claimed the see of Rome at
once. Once in office, Urban (ca. 1318–1389)
had became overbearing.
1631 John Dryden,
playwright and hymn translator, was born in Aldwinkle,
Northamptonshire (d. 1 May 1700).
Judson, American Baptist missionary, was born at Malden,
Massachusetts (d. 12 April 1850).
founder of the Wisconsin Synod, was born in Notzingen,
Wuerttemberg, Germany (d. 15 September 1868).
Adam Martin, first president of Northwestern College
(Watertown, Wisconsin), was born in Budershausen, Bavaria
(or on 8 August; d. 18 May 1921).
Karl F. A. Gützlaff, the first
German Lutheran missionary to China, died in Victoria, Hong
Kong (b. 8 July 1803).
Gustav Ernst Bergemann, president of the Wisconsin Synod
from 1917 to 1933, was born in Hustisford, Wisconsin (d. 13
Moffat, missionary to Africa, died at Leigh, England (b.
21 December 1795).
William H. Draper (b. 19 December 1855), Anglican
clergyman and hymn translator, died.
Stein (b. 21 October 1891), Jewish-Catholic philosopher,
and her sister Rosa died in the gas chamber at Auschwitz.
Jagerstatter (b. 1907), an Austrian Christian, was
executed for his refusal to serve in the armies of the Third
1951 Jesuit Bishop Tsiang Beda of
Shanghai, China, was arrested. Asked to head China’s
“reform” church, he refused and eventually died in prison.
1955 John Piepkorn, founder and
vice-president of the Lutheran Laymen’s League, died.
Arthur William Klinck, college and seminary professor
and president, died (b. 19 January 1900).
Church of the Lutheran Confession was organized at
Watertown, South Dakota.
1999 Lewis C. Niemoeller died in
Springfield, Illinois (b. 1911). He was a 1935 graduate of
Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and served as a pastor at
Bismarck, Ironton, Pilot Knob, Saint Louis (Pine Lawn) and
Glendale, Missouri, and Springfield, Illinois. He served on
the Missouri Synod’s Board of Higher Education as its
chairman from 1974 to 1977 and as Central Illinois District
second vice-president (1960–1963)
and president (1963–1970).