Saint Clare of Assisi, founder of the Poor Clares, died
(b. 16 July 1194).
of Cusa, German cardinal of the Catholic Church, a
philosopher, jurist, mathematician, and an astronomer, died
Johann Tetzel, a Dominican monk whose sale of
indulgences compelled an Augustinian monk named Martin
Luther to post his Ninety-Five Theses in Wittenberg, setting
off the Protestant Reformation, died (b. 1465).
1527 The Zurich town council agreed to
suppress the Anabaptists.
Menius, Lutheran reformer of Thuringia, died (b. 13
December 1499, Fulda, Germany).
Jacob Fabricius, hymnist, died (b. 19 July 1593, Köslin,
Barclay (ca. 1648–1690), a
Quaker, completed a Catechism and Confession of Faith, his
first mature work.
1699 German nobleman
Friedrich R. L. von Canitz (b. 27 November 1654,
Berlin), German statesman, poet and hymnist, died in Berlin.
Augustus Montague Toplady, hymnist, died (b. 4 November
Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg, Lutheran pastor and
congressman, died (b. 13 May 1782, Lancaster, Pennsylvania).
Karl Heinrich Ferdinand Ludwig Pamperrien, missionary to
India, was born in Crivitz, Mecklenburg (d. 1926).
1847 Presbyterian missionary
Charles Williams Forman (d. 27 August 1894) sailed for
1872 Lowell Mason,
composer, died in Orange, New Jersey (b. 8 January 1792).
1884 The government of Japan
disestablished national religion with promises of toleration.
John Henry Cardinal Newman, leader of the Oxford
Movement and a hymnist, died (b. 21 February 1801).
Walter Otto Kraeft, professor at Concordia Teachers
College (River Forest, Illinois), was born in Oregon City,
Oregon (d. 30 March 1960).
1903 Alfred O. Fuerbringer was born in
Saint Louis (d. 26 February 1997). After attending Concordia
College (Fort Wayne, Indiana), he graduated from Concordia
Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1925 and received his S.T.M. in
1927. From 1922 to 1923 he was an instructor at Concordia
College (Oakland, California). He served as pastor in Norman
and Okmulgee, Oklahoma, and Leavenworth, Kansas. He was
president of Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska)
from 1941 to 1953, when he accepted a call to the presidency
of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), from which he retired
1919 The German
Republic Constitution, adopted at Weimar, declared
church and state separate in Germany.
Conrad Herman Louis Schuette, theologian, died at
Columbus, Ohio (b. 17 June 1843).
American Lutheran Church was organized with the merger
of the Ohio, Iowa and Buffalo Synods.
Lamon Falwell Sr., an American fundamentalist Christian
pastor and televangelist, founder of the
Thomas Road Baptist Church in Lynchburg,
Virginia, and of
Liberty University and co-founder of the
Moral Majority, was born (d. 15 May 2007).
1948 The International Council of
Christian Churches was formed at a meeting in Amsterdam
(through 19 August).
1956 Theodore G. W. Stelzer, music
professor at Concordia Teachers College (Seward, Nebraska),
died near Gallup, New Mexico (b. 3 January 1892,
Schluersburg, Missouri). He graduated from the Missouri
Synod Teacher Seminary at Addison, Illinois, in 1910 and
received training in piano and vocal music at various
schools, including the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music and
the Detroit Conservatory of Music. He served as organist,
choirmaster and principal at Lutheran schools in Racine and
Oshkosh, Wisconsin, from 1910 to 1927. From January 1927
until his death he was a member of the faculty at Seward and
head of the departments of music and education. He also
served on many boards and committees of the synod. He died
in an automobile accident while traveling from Los Angeles
to Colorado serving summer teaching engagements.
1992 Paul Ph. Spitz (b. 10 May 1923,
Hazard, Nebraska) died at Saint Louis, Missouri. He
graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1946 and
served congregations in Wyoming, Missouri and Nebraska. He
was the director of missions for the Western and Missouri
Districts and served as president of the Missouri District.