Saint Mary, Mother of Our Lord
First Crusade set out from Europe to
Jerusalem from the Muslim Turks.
Anthony of Padua, a popular preacher and student of
Francis of Assisi
(1181–1226), was born in Lisbon,
Portugal (d. 13 June 1231).
1248 The foundation stone of the
Cologne Cathedral, built to house the relics of the
Three Wise Men, was laid. Construction was eventually
completed in 1880.
1456 Many believe this to be the day
(ca. 1400–1468) completed the
Mazarin Bible, the first book printed with movable type.
Ignatius of Loyola
(1491–1556) and six others at Montmartre near Paris took the
vows that led to the establishment of the
Society of Jesus (the Jesuits).
1549 Spanish Jesuits led by
Francis Xavier (1506–1552) became the first Christian
missionaries in Japan.
John Campanius, Swedish missionary to the American
Indians, was born in Stockholm (d. 17 September 1683).
Taylor, Anglican clergyman and writer, was born in
Cambridge, England (d. 13 August 1667).
Matthias Claudius, pious German poet and prosaist, was
born (d. 21 January 1815).
Walter Scott, poet and hymn translator, was born in
Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 21 September 1832).
John Carroll (1735–1815) was consecrated at Lulworth
Castle in England as the first Roman Catholic bishop in the
John Hampden Gurney, hymnist, was born in Serjeants'
Inn, London (d. 8 March 1862, London, England).
Simeon Howard Calhoun, missionary in Lebanon and Syria
who helped translate the Bible into Turkish, was born in
Boston, Massachusetts (d. 14 December 1876).
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Indiana was organized at
Saint John Church, Johnson County, Indiana.
Heinrich Zacharias Stallmann, president of the Lutheran
Free Church of Germany, was born in Bremen, Germany (d. 26
Frederick William Robertson (b. 3 February 1816), Anglican
Theodor Christlieb, missions leader, died at Bonn,
Germany (b. 7 March 1833, Birkenfeld, Württemberg). [German
Peder Andreas Rasmussen, who helped found the United
Norwegian Lutheran Church in America, died (b. 9 January
1829, Stavanger, Norway).
1913 Hermann Daniel Uhlig, pioneer deaf missionary
and director of the Detroit Institute for the Deaf, died (b.
8 November 1847).
1954 The second assembly of the
World Council of Churches
convened at Evanston, Illinois.