565 Celtic missionary and abbot Columba
(521–597) reportedly confronted the
Loch Ness Monster and became the first recorded observer of
1524 Martin Luther's disputation with Andreas
Karlstadt (1486–1541) took
place in Jena.
1572 Gaspard II
de Coligny (ca. 1519–1572), a
French Huguenot leader, was wounded in an assassination
attempt. He died two days later.
1670 English missionary
John Eliot (1604–1690) founded
a church for Native Americans at Martha's Vineyard,
1752 William Whitson (b. 1667), English
theologian, historian and translator, died. In 1703 he
succeeded Isaac Newton as professor of mathematics, but his
theology was questionable, so after seven years he was
expelled from Cambridge on the charge of Arianism.
Impoverished because the Anglicans shunned him, Whitson
joined the Baptists in 1747. He is best known as the English
translator of the works of Josephus, which are still in
print. Whitson completed the mammoth project in 1737.
Levi Spaulding, missionary to Ceylon, was born in
Jaffrey, New Hampshire (d. 18 June 1873 [1874?]).
Johann David Michaelis, regarded as a founder of Syriac
philology, died (b. 27 February 1717, Halle).
Edward Bouverie Pusey, Tractarian leader, was born in Pusey,
England (d. 16 September 1882).
William Hayman Cummings, English musicologist, was born in
Devonshire, England (d. 10 June 1915, London, England).
Debussy, French composer, was born (d. 25 March 1918).
Red Cross movement led by
Henry Dunant officially began when twelve European
nations signed the
First Geneva Convention, establishing the
International Committee of the Red Cross.
Theodore Hoyer, professor at Saint John’s College
(Winfield, Kansas) and Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis), was
born in Spring Valley, Kansas (d. 24 October 1963).
William Paton Mackay (b. 13 May 1839), Scottish
Presbyterian clergyman, died.
1928 A Lutheran Normal School was begun in
Sao Joas Grande, E.S., Brazil.
1948 The first assembly of the
World Council of Churches met at Amsterdam (through
Sperry Chafer (b. 27 February 1871), American
Presbyterian theologian and educator, died.