Welcome to Concordia Historical Institute, Department of Archives and History for the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.

Today in History

August 23

1723 Increase Mather, one of colonial America's most famous clergymen, died (b. 21 June 1639).

1727 Carl Magnus Wrangel, Swedish Lutheran pastor in America, was born in Molinta parish, Vastmanland, Sweden (d. 12 June 1786).

1820 Polycarp C. Henkel, first president of Concordia College (Conover, North Carolina), was born near Conover, North Carolina (d. 29 September 1889).

1828 Karl F. A. Gützlaff (18031851) of the Netherlands Mission Society landed in Bangkok, Thailand.

1829 William Shrubsole, hymnist, died at Highbury (b. 21 November 1759, Sheerness, on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent, England).

1896 Paul William Zanow was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 22 July 1985, Milwaukee). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1923 and served as a professor at Concordia College (Milwaukee, Wisconsin) from 1929 to 1969.

1928 Russell Kelso Carter (b. 18 November 1849), American Methodist clergyman and hymnist, died.

1943 Karl August Johannes Fritschel, professor at Wartburg College for over fifty years, died (b. 24 June 1863, Saint Sebald, Iowa).

1952 Sir Frederick George Kenyon (b. 15 January 1863), British archeologist and philologist, died.

1976 Martin J. Neeb Sr. died in Saint Louis (b. 1 October 1906, Augsburg, Ontario). Neeb served the Missouri Synod’s higher education program from the time of his graduation in 1929 from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). He earned an M.A. degree from the University of Texas in 1937 and later served as a visiting instructor there. In 1945 Neeb became the first executive secretary for the Board of Higher Education of the synod. He upgraded the educational programs of the synod’s fourteen colleges and seminaries and sought regional and professional accreditation for the synod’s colleges. Neeb developed expansion plans for the synod's ministerial education program to include a final two years of college-level training and a B.A. degree for students entering the synod’s seminaries during his years with the board. His efforts led to the development of the senior college program. He was elected president of the school in 1954, and under his leadership Concordia Senior College (Fort Wayne, Indiana) became one of the most respected church-related colleges in the country. For his work Neeb was awarded honorary doctorates by Concordia College (Seward, Nebraska) and Valparaiso (Indiana) University.

1982 Martin H. Scharlemann died in Saint Louis, Missouri (b. 28 December 1910, Nashville, Illinois). He did his undergraduate study at Concordia College (Saint Paul, Minnesota) and Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1934 and served congregations in Minnesota, Indiana, Missouri and Wisconsin. Scharlemann earned M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Washington University (Saint Louis) in 1936 and 1938, respectively, and a Doctor of Theology degree from Union Theological Seminary (New York City) in 1964. In 1941 he became an Air Force chaplain and served for eleven years. He remained active in the Air Force Reserve until retirement in 1971, attaining the rank of brigadier general. He served on the faculty of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) from 1952 until 1982 as a professor of exegetical theology. During his tenure he was director of graduate studies from 1954 to 1960 and was acting president for three months in early 1974. For the Missouri Synod he served on the Commission on Theology and Church Relations, the Social Concerns Commission and the Commission on Church Literature. Scharlemann wrote nearly two hundred journal articles ranging from military chaplaincy manuals to scholarly theological papers. He also served as an editor for military and church publications.

1982 Clarence Golisch, executive director of Bethesda Lutheran Home (Watertown, Wisconsin) for sixteen years, died at Ann Arbor, Michigan (b. 2 January 1905, Wausau, Wisconsin). Golisch joined the staff of Bethesda in January 1950 and became superintendent in July. In 1956 he was named executive director, a position he held until retirement in 1972. During his tenure the home added nursing and social service departments and various therapies and training services and built six new buildings. Enrollment at the home rose from 339 to more than 600 mentally retarded persons.